Explore languages searching by category Specialised Languages
*MOD    1980 Pascals   United States   Concurrent MOdula 
[B/D]    1987   United Kingdom   Bayesian Probability Programming Language 
2.PAK    1975   Canada   AI language with coroutines. 
2CL    1965 Numerical Control   United Kingdom   Modified NEL NC machine 
51forth    1980 Stack   United States   Forth for the 8051 
A+    1990 Array   United States   Dialect of APL used at Morgan-Stanley 
Aardappel    1997 Tree   United Kingdom   Concurrent tree space transformation 
AARDVARK    1963 Statistical   United States   Statistical language 
ABC    1991 Sound-Performance   United Kingdom    
ABCL/1    1987 Actor   Japan   Object-Based Concurrent Language 
ABEL    1997 Expression oriented   United States   Language for behavior-like desriptions of a logic circuit 
ABL    1960 Information Retrieval   Italy   Language manipulation of files 
ABLE    1975 Other DPLs   United States   Auditors business language 
ABSET    1970 Set   United Kingdom   Set-based language 
Abstracto    1979   Netherlands   Algorithm description language 
Abstracto 84    1979   Netherlands    
ABSYS    1966 Horn clause   United Kingdom   Aberdeen system declarative language 
ACL    1979   United States   Application controller language 
ACL    1972   Canada   Audit Command Language 
ACL    1995   United States   Abstract language for concurrent object systems 
ACL2    1994   United States   Theorem proving lisp 
ACOS    1988   United States   BBS language  
ACSL    1979   United States   Advanced Continuous Simulation Language 
ACT ONE    1983   Germany   An Algebraic Specification Language 
Act1    1982 Actor   United States   Actor OO language 
Act2    1983   United States   Actor language with extensions for concurrency 
Actors    1971 Actor   United States   Agent based object parallel language 
Actra    1985   Canada   Multiprocessing Smalltalk 
ACTRAN    1970 Hybrid   Germany   Hybrid simulation language 
ADAM    1962 Symbolic assemblers   United States   Experimental hardware symbol processor 
ADAMO    1986 Other DPLs   Switzerland   Data structure and behaviour system 
ADAPT    1961 Numerical Control   United States   Subset of APT 
ADL    1987 Game languages   United States   Adventure Definition Language 
ADL    1995   United States   interface definition language for C++ 
ADLIB    1980 Digital   United States   Superset of PASCAL with concurrency 
Adroit    1984 CAI languages   United States   Computer aided instruction language 
ADS    1990 2d shape   United States   Macro language for AutoCAD 
AED    1963 True ALGOL60s   United States   Engineering flavour of ALGOL 
AEDNET    1966 Graph   United States   AED dialect for modelling networks 
AEPL    1971 Markovs   Israel   An Extensible Programming Language 
AESOP    1967 Ad hoc query languages   United States   Interactive query generating language 
AGORA    1993 Prototyping   Belgium   Reifying prototyping OO language 
AGSTAT    1970 Statistical   United States   Agricultural statistics package 
AHPL    1987   United States    
AIDA    1986 Array   United States   Functional variation on APL 
AIDS    1970 Command systems   United States   Debugging system 
AL    1996 Animation   United States   Animation Language 
AL    1969 Structure-oriented   United States   Assembler for robots 
AL    1991   United States   TSL knowledge representation language 
AL    1986 CAI languages   United States   Author Language - CAI Language 
ALAS    1964 Difference Equations   United States   Continuous simulation language 
ALBERT    1969 Symbolic   United States    
ALC    1971 Assemblers   United States   IBM 360 assembly language 
ALEPH    1970 Grammar and Syntax-oriented   United Kingdom    
ALEPH    OO C family      
ALGAN    1964 Algebraic   Germany   An extension of FORTRAN to solve sets of linear equations 
ALGEK    1964 COBOL coeval   Russian Federation   Russian ALGOL/COBOL hybrid 
ALGEM    1966 Algebraic   United States   Polynomials-capable list-processing 
ALGEM    1966 COBOL coeval   Russian Federation   Economic autocode 
ALGERNON    1990 Frame languages   United States    
ALGOSIM    1975 Event scheduling   United States   Algol 68 based simulation 
ALICE    1980 Array   Canada   Typed APL 
ALLOY    2002   United States   Object modelling language 
ALMA    1970 Sound-Performance   United States   Music programming language 
ALMS    1966 Algebraic   United States   Interactive algebraic system 
ALPAKB    1966 Algebraic   United States   Generalised version of ALPAK 
AM1    1966 Algebraic   Australia   Abstract Machine 1 
AMBUSH    1971   United States   Linear programming programming language 
AML    1980   United States   High-level robotics language 
AML    1998   United States   Anil 
AML/2    1986 Robotics   United States   Productisation of AML 
AML/E    1983 Robotics   United States   AML Entry level version 
AML/V    1992 Robotics   United States   Robotics vision language 
AML/X    1986 Robotics   United States   Extensions to AML 
AMLOG    1988   Japan   Equational logic programming language  
AMPL    1975 Language-oriented   United States   Manusript preparation language 
AMPL    1994 Matrix   United States   Another Matrix Programming Language 
AMPLE    1984 Sound-Performance   United Kingdom   Music programming language 
Amulet    1996 Interface and windowing   United States   High level OO language with interface capabilities 
ANAGOL 67    1967 Differential Equations   Germany   Block-oriented simulation language based on Algol 60 
And/Or    1980   Israel   Simple tree-like programming/specification language  
Anderson 1972    1972 Multiline   United States   Pen-input high level language 
Anderson statistical language    1963 Statistical   United Kingdom    
Andorra    1988   Japan   Hybrid of Parlog and Aurora 
Andorra-I    1991   United Kingdom   Bristol U Andorra 
Animated Movie Language     1963 Animation   United States   Animation language 
ANIMATOR    1968 Animation   United States   ABimation language 
Animus    1986 Animation   United States   Constraint-Based Animation 
ANSIR    1968 External systems testing   France   Language for patching and checking analog and hybrid computers 
ANVAR    1970 Statistical   United States   Statistics processing system 
APACHE    1961 Analog   Italy   Analog simulation language 
APDL    1969 Digital   United States   Algorithmic Processor Description Language 
APEX    1997 Array   Canada   Parallel APL 
APL    1959 Generalised programming   United States   Automatic Programming Language 
APL SE    1995 Array   United States   freeware version of APL*PLUS  
APL with graphic extensions    1968 Map/Dictionary   United States   Associative graphics language 
APL\360    1967 Array   United States   APL for the 360 
APL2    1984 Nested Array   United States   An APL extension with nested arrays 
APLBAGS    1973 2d shape   United States   Graphical extensions to APL 
APLBOL    1975 Array   United States   APL written in SNOBOL 
APLG    1972 2d shape   United States   APL with graphics extensions 
APLGOL    1972 Array   United States   APL with ALGOL-like control structures 
APLOMB    1979 Array   Italy   Structural extensions to APL 
APLSF    1979 Array   United States   DEC APL with shared system functions and system variables 
APLUM    1975 Array   United States   APL2 for UM 
APPLE    1968 Array   United States   Revision of APL for the Illiac IV. 
APROKS    1967 Numerical Control   Russian Federation   NC language for flame cutters  
APT    1956 Numerical Control   United States   Automatically Programmed Tools 
APT 77    1977   United States   Automatically Programmed Tools v4  
APT II    1958 Numerical Control   United States   Automatically Programmed Tools v2 
APT III    1961 Numerical Control   United States   Automatically Programmed Tools v3 
APTLOFT    1967 Numerical Control   United States   NC language 
AQL    1977 2d shape   Italy   APL with picture primitives 
Arctic    1984   United States   Real-time functional language, used for music synthesis. 
Ariel    1968 Array   United States    
ARLA    1988 Robotics   United States   ABBA robotics language 
ARLO    1998   United States    
ART    1984 RETE and production   United States   Automated Reasoning Tool  
ARTA    1970 Animation   Yugoslavia   Interactive animation language 
ART-IM    1990 RETE and production   United States   ART with CLIPS features 
ARTSPEAK    1974   United States    
ASAS    1982 Animation   United States   Lispish animation alnguage 
ASCOP    1967 Statistical   United Kingdom   Atlas/NCC Stats Package 
ASF    1989   Netherlands   Algebraic Specification Formalism 
ASF+SDF    1993   Netherlands    
ASIM    1976   Germany   Analog simulation language 
ASIS    1984   United States   API language for Ada 83 
ASN.1    1984   United Kingdom   Abstract Syntax Notation 
ASPIK    1985   Germany    
ASTRAL    1958 Expression oriented   United States   Simulation lanugage with analog input 
ASTRE    1969 Symbolic   France   Symbolic manipulation program 
AT    1986   United States   parallel language 
ATLAS    1969 External systems testing   United States   AEEC initial version of ATLAS avionics test language 
ATLAS    1968 External systems testing   United States   Avionics test language 
ATLAS    1979 2d shape   Japan   Visual querying system for geographical information systems 
ATOLL    1965 External systems testing   United States   NASA Test language 
ATP    1997   United States   HP language for equipment testing 
ATP    1969 Numerical Control   United States   Extensions to APT  
AUTOAPT    1960 Numerical Control   United States    
AUTODRAFT    1965 2d shape   United States   Drafting language 
AUTOGRAF    1972 2d shape   United States   Barchart creation language 
AUTOGRP    1972 Statistical   United States   Interactive statistical analysis 
autoklang    Sound-Synthesis   Germany   Musical composition language 
AUTOLEV    1988 Modelling   United States   Mechanical systems language 
AUTOLOFT    1962 2G Autocodes   United States   NC Library design and manipulation language 
AUTOMAP    1962 Numerical Control   United States    
AUTOMATH    1967 Algebraic   Netherlands    
Automatic network calculation    1960 Flowcharts   Germany   Flowchart input language 
AUTOMOD    1984 Modelling   United States   Auto MOdelling language 
Autopass    1974 Robotics   United States   Parts assembly language for robotic manufacturing 
AUTOPIT    1966 Numerical Control   Germany    
AUTOPOL    1971 Numerical Control   United States   AUTOmated Programming Of Lathes 
AUTOPROMT    1957 Numerical Control   United States   AUTOmated PROgramming of Machine Tools 
AUTOSPOT    1962 Numerical Control   United States   AUTOmated System for Positioning Of Tools 
AUTOSURF    1965 Numerical Control   Italy   3D CNC programming language 
AUT-QE    1973   Netherlands    
AVA    1990 Adas   United States   Verifiable Ada 
B    1996   United Kingdom   Specification languag 
B4Tran    1975 Non Standard FIV   United States   Structured Fortran 
BACK    1988 Frame languages   Germany   Frame language 
Bantam    2001      
bash    1990 Command systems   United States   Command language for UNIX 
Baskin and Morse graphical CSMP    1968 2d shape   United States   Graphical simulation system 
Bays    1976 Animation   United States   Animation language 
BB1    1987 Frame languages   United States    
BC    1978   United States   Bell Calculator 
BDARE    1978   United States    
BEFLIX     1965 Animation   United States   Animation language 
BEGL    1989   Germany    
behavior    1990 Robotics   United States   Robotics control language 
Benjamin editor    1972 Editing and processing   United States    
BER    1988   United Kingdom   Basic Encoding Rules 
Bertrand    1985   United States    
BESYS    1958 Command systems   United States   Command language for BESYS 
BGRAF2    1975   Israel   Real-time graphics language 
BIL    1978 Microprogramming and HLAs   United States   Balm Implementation Language 
BIOMOD    1970 Expression oriented   United States   Biological systems simulation language 
BLODI    1961 Expression oriented   United States   BLOck DIagram 
BLODI-B    1965 Expression oriented   United States   Block Diagram compiler 
Blosim    1984   United States   DSP simulator 
BMD    1961 Statistical   United States   Bio-Medical statistical language 
BML    1972 Other PL/Is   United States    
BMT    1968 Event scheduling   United States   Graphical extensions to GPSS 
BNF    1959 Grammar and Syntax-oriented   United States   Backus Naur Form 
BOSS    Numerical Control   United States   Bridgeport 1054 NC language 
BOUMAC    1963 Statistical   United States   Statistical package 
Bourne shell    1978 Command systems   United States   Command shell for UNIX 
Boxer    1985 2-D Graphic Languages   United States    
BPOKET    1967 Numerical Control   United States   NC Language 
Brenda    1997   United States   Student dialect of Dylan 
BRIDGE    1967 Civil   United States   Problem-solving package for ICES 
Brooker/Morris syntax language    1960 Grammar and Syntax-oriented   United Kingdom   Phrase structure language to create MERCURY Autocode 
BrouHaHa    1987 Simple   United States   Smalltalk portable implementation 
BSL    1987   United States   Backtracking Specification Language 
BSURF    1968 Numerical Control   United States   NC language 
Bugliarello    1968 Hydraulic/hydrological   United States   Hydrological POL system 
BUGS    1996 Bayesian   United Kingdom   Bayesian inference Using Gibbs Sampling 
BUGSYS    1964 Animation   United States   Pattern based animation language 
BUILD    1973 3d shape   United Kingdom   Solid modelling language 
C flat    1991   United States   obscurantist C 
C/ATLAS    1982   United States    
C5    1988 RETE and production   United States   C based version of OPS-5 
CADEP    1969 Semantic descriptions   Italy   Language for computer-assisted description of patterns 
CAFE    1969 Animation   United States   Animation language 
CAL    1992 Sound-Performance   United States   Music language for Cakewalk 
CALPAK    1965 Algebraic   United States   CALTECH Algebra package 
CALTRAN    1965 Algebraic   United States   CALTECH Algebra package 
CAML    1968 Animation   United States   Animation language 
CAML Light    1995   France    
CAMP    1968 Animation   United States   2d Animation system 
CAMP    1962 Numerical Control   United States   NC language 
CAMP 2    1963 Numerical Control   United States   NC language 
CAPS    1966 CASE languages   United Kingdom   CASE language 
CAPS    1964 Process interaction   United Kingdom   Precursor of CSL 
CAT    1983   Germany    
Catalysis    1998   United States   Object modelling language  
CATALYST/NBS    1972 CAI languages   United States   Authoring/Programming environment at UoP 
CATL    1969 Plan languages   United States   Computer-Assisted Template Layout 
ccGolog    1999 Robotics   Germany   Plan language for robotics 
CDL    1965 Digital   United States   Computer Design Language 
CDL    1965 Command systems   United States   Command Definition Language for ICES 
CDL    1969 Definition languages   Germany   Compiler Description Language 
CDL 1    1970 Digital   United States   Computer Definition Language 
CDL/370/155    1976 Digital   United States    
CDLM    1981 Digital   Germany    
CEL    1995 Prototyping   United States   Prototyped OOL 
CELLSIM II    1975 Systems   United States   Cell population simulation language 
CEMMA 2    1971   Poland   a simulation language 
Ceprol    1985 Cell-based     parallel language 
CFD    1972 Hydraulic/hydrological   United States   Computational Fluid Dynamics. 
Cg    2003   United States   C for Graphical Processors 
CGGL    1979   United States    
CHEMCSMP    1973 Chemical process languages   United States   CSMP dialect with special features for chemistry modelling 
CHI    1981 Description languages   United States   Logic-based system for transformations 
CHILL    1980 Pascals   International   CCITT HIgh-Level Language 
Chingari conversational APT    1966 Numerical Control   United States   Conversational APT 
CIDAS     1968 Expression oriented   United States   Interactive dialect of MIDAS 
CINAPT    1967 Numerical Control   United States   NC language 
CIP-L    1980 Definition languages   Germany    
CLAM    1963 Numerical Control   United Kingdom   NC language for Ferranti 
CLASS    1970 Hybrid   United States    
Clean    1987 Lazy Evaluation FPs   Netherlands   pure lazy functional language 
CL-I    1960 Grammar and Syntax-oriented   United States   Compiler generator language 
CL-II    1961 Grammar and Syntax-oriented   United States   Compiler generator language  
CLIPS    1986 RETE and production   United States   C Language Integrated Production System  
CLIPS/R2    1990 RETE and production   United States   Rete/2 CLIPS 
Clips++    1996 RETE and production   United States   rewrite with extension of CLIPS in C++ 
CML    1969 Statistical   United States   Yale Medical Group clustering language  
Cmusic    1990 Sound-Synthesis   United States   Musical composition language 
COCOMAT    1967 Numerical Control   United Kingdom    
Code 2.0    1992 2-D Graphic Languages   United States    
COGO    1961 2d shape   United States   CO-ordinate GeOmetry system 
Coherent Parallel C    1988   United States    
COIF    1970 2d shape   Italy    
Colbert    1996 Robotics   Germany    
COMIS    1985   Switzerland   Interactive Fortran system 
COMPACT    1967 Numerical Control   United States   Bendix CAD/NC 
COMPACT II    1969 Numerical Control   United States   CAD/NC LAnguage 
Compel    1968 Single-assignment   United States   Single assignment language 
COMPOOL    1952 Other DPLs   United States   Shared data system for SAGE 
COMPROSL    1969 Formulaic   United States   COMpound PROcedural Scientific Language 
COMPUTEST    1964 CAI languages   United States   CAI and interviewing language 
COMPUTEST II    1965 CAI languages   United States   CAI and interviewing language 
COMPUTEST II-D    1966 CAI languages   United States   CAI and interviewing language 
COMSITE    1969 External systems testing   United States   language for SITE testing devices 
Concurrent Aggregates    1989   United States    
Concurrent Oberon    1993   Switzerland   Concurrent features added to Oberon 
condela    1990   Germany   Neural Network Definition Language. 
CORAL    1963 Other UK historic languages   United Kingdom   English military realtime language 
CORAL 64    1964 Other UK historic languages   United Kingdom   Radar Establishment Systems Language 
COSMOS    1967 Statistical   United Kingdom   Courtauld statistical system 
COSY    1979 Graph   United Kingdom    
CourseWriter    1966 CAI languages   United States   CAI Language 
CPL    1991   United Kingdom   Categorical Programming Lanugage 
CPL    2000   United States   Querying language for Kleisli 
CPL    1995   Singapore   Collection Programming Language 
CPL    1975   United States   DARPA Common Prototyping Language 
CPL    1995   United States   Cell modelling interactions 
CPL    2000   United States   Call Processing Language 
CPL    2000   Singapore   Chart-Pattern Language 
CPM    1972   United Kingdom   POL for CPM 
cProgol    1995   United Kingdom    
CRL    1984 Frame languages   United States   Frame language 
CS    1985   United States   Robotics language 
csh    1975 Command systems   United States   Command language and environmnet for UNIX 
CSL    1966 Activity scanning   United Kingdom   Control and Simulation Language 
CSL 2    1966 Activity scanning   United Kingdom   Version 2 of CSL 
CSMP    1965 Expression oriented   United States   Continuous System Modeling Program 
CSound    1985 Sound-Synthesis   United States   Sound construction language 
CTL    1968 External systems testing   United States   Testing language 
CTSS    1961 Command systems   United States   Command language for CTSS 
CUBE    1992 3-D Visual Languages   United States   Three-dimensional visual language for higher-order logic 
CuPit-2    1997 Graph   Germany   Language for distributed ANNs 
Curry Combinatorials    1958 Other lambda   United States    
Curry programming system    1948 Other US historic   United States   Special notation system to program the ENIAC 
CWIC    1970 Grammar and Syntax-oriented   United States    
C-XSC     1993 CPL, BCPL and B   United States   Extensions to C++ for scientific computing 
CYCL    1988 Frame languages   United States   Frame language for CYC 
DAC-I    1966 2d shape   United States   GM Design system 
DAISY    1995 Actor   Italy    
DALI    1974 2d shape   United States   Graphical display language 
DAM    1962 Statistical   United States   Stats and reporting package 
DARE    1969 Differential Equations   United States   Continuous simulation languages 
DARE P    1975 Differential Equations   United States   Continuous simulation languages 
Dare P/l    1980   United States    
DARE/ELEVEN    1970 Difference Equations   United States   Continuous simulation languages 
DARE-II    1975 Differential Equations   United States   Continuous simulation languages 
DARE-III    1978 Differential Equations   United States   Continuous simulation languages  
DARMS    1975 Sound-Synthesis   United States   Music programming language 
DAS    1962 Expression oriented   United States   Digital Analog Simulator 
Data-beads    1965 3d shape   United States   3d CAD storage and representation system 
DATANAL    1968 Statistical   United States    
Dataplot    1978 Visualisation   United States    
DATA-TEXT    1967 Statistical   United States   Batched data analysis system 
Davies decision table simulation language    1974 Decision tables   United States   Simulation language with decision tables 
Day state transitions    1970 State transition tables   United Kingdom   Transistion table system 
DC    1978   United States   Desk calculator 
DCDL    1969 Digital   United States   Computer simulation system 
DDA    1957 Expression oriented   United States   Digital differential analyzer simulator 
DDL    1964 2d shape   United States   Drawing Descriptive Language 
DDL    1968 Digital   United States   Digital Design Language 
DDL-P    1978   United States   PASCAL implementation of DDL 
DECAL    1965 CAI languages   United States   Digital CAI language 
Decision Making    1960 Decision tables   United States   Declarative language 
DECIUS    1970 Decision tables   United States   Decision table language 
Dectab    1971 Decision tables   United States   Courant Institute decision table language 
Deftab    1971 Decision tables   United States   Courant Institute decision table language 
Delta    1970 Decision tables   United States   Decision table language 
DELTA    1980   Australia    
delta    1986   United States   Hybrid functional/logic languages  
DELTA    1977   Norway   System simulation language 
DELTA    1975 Decision tables   Switzerland   Decision table language 
DEMOS    1978 Process interaction   United Kingdom   Extensions to Simula 
DEPI    1957 Expression oriented   United States   Continuous simulation language 
DEPI 4    1959 Differential Equations   United States   Continuous simulation language 
DES    1963 Difference Equations     Differential Equation Solver 
DESIGNPAD    1969 2d shape   United States   Graphical language for specifying instructions to text-based systems 
DESIRE    1982 Difference Equations   United States    
DESPL/l    1973 Event scheduling   United States   Discrete event simulation language 
DETAB/65    1964 Decision tables   United States   SHARE/SIGPLAN decision table language 
DETAB/GT    1972 Decision tables   Switzerland   Decision table language 
DETAP    1965 Decision tables   United States   Single paragraph COBOL writer 
DETOC    1970 Decision tables   United States   ISL decision table language 
DFC    1989   Netherlands   Dataflow language for supercomputers 
DFC II    1989   Japan   Dataflow language for supercomputers 
DFORMAT    1988   United States   Language for depicting data structures 
DG/L    1970 2d shape   United States   CAD language 
DICE    1991   United States   OO CAE system  
DIDAS    1957 Differential Equations   United States   Simulations language 
DIGEST    1962 Statistical   United States   Diebold Group statiistical analysis language 
DIM    1968 Reactive   United States   Interactive visual language 
DISC    1989 CPL, BCPL and B   Italy   DIStributed C 
DISCO    1981 Hybrid   Denmark   Simulation language 
DISPEL    1981   United States   Run-Time Debugging Language 
DLT    1968 Decision tables   United States   Decision table generator 
DOC    1979   United States   Tex processing and formatting language 
DOCUS    1969 Other Conversational   United States   Interactive system 
Donaghey and Ozkul Statistics Language    1971 Statistical   United States    
DOPE    1962 Flowcharts   United States   Simplified HLA for student translation of flowcharts 
DPL    1968 2d shape   United States    
DRAG    1988   United States   PIC preprocessor language for directed graphs 
DSCN    1962 List   United States   Generator for IPL-V code 
DSL/90    1965 Digital   United States   Computer simulation language 
DSPL    1967 Category theory   United States   Display Systems Programming Language 
DTALGOL    1967 Decision tables   New Zealand   Decision Table Algol 
DTT    1970 Decision tables   United States   Decision table language 
DYANA    1958 Difference Equations   United States   Dynamic systams language 
DYNAMO    1959 Expression oriented   United States   DYNAmic MOdels simulation  
DYNAMO II    1970 Expression oriented   United States   Dynamo in AED for 704 
DYNAMO II/F    1976 Process interaction   United States   Dynamo II outputting Fortran IV 
DYNASAR    1962 Difference Equations   United States   GE Systems simulation language 
DYSAC    1961 Difference Equations   United States   Continuous simulation system 
EAS-E    1983   United States    
EASEL    1994   United States   DSL for user-defined applications 
EASL    1966 Expression oriented   United States   continuous simulation language 
ECAP    1965 Differential Equations   United States   Electronic Circuit Analysis Program 
Eclipse    1989 RETE and production   United States   Extended CLIPS 
ECSL    1966 Activity scanning   United Kingdom   Extended Continuous Simulation Language 
ECSSL    1975   Germany    
EDL    1989 Experiment control and recording      
EGS3    1973 Monte Carlo   United States   SLAC Monte Carlo system 
EGS4    1985 Monte Carlo   United States   Monte Carlo system at SLAC 
Eiffel    1986 Simple   France   Class-based object oriented C  
EIN    1971   United States    
EISI-EAL    1980   United States   Engineering Analysis Language  
Elan    1998   France   Constraint logic program 
ELMOL    1970 Sound-Synthesis   United States    
ELP    1971 External systems testing   United States   English language avionics testing 
ELP    1975   United States    
EMPL    1976   United States   Microprogramming language 
EOL    1968 Experiment control and recording   United States   Experimenter Oriented Language 
EPL    1974 Forecasting   United States   Economic Programming Language  
EPSIMONE    1978 Pascals   Brazil   Concurrent simulation language 
ERL    1971 Response languages   United States   Evoked Response Language 
Erlang    1993   Sweden   Concurrent functional language 
ESL    1991 Robotics   United States    
ESP    1971 Forecasting   United States   Econometric Software Package 
ESP    1964 Activity scanning   United Kingdom   Elliot Bros simulator package 
ESP³    1977   United States   Extended SNOBOL Picture Pattern Processor 
Estelle    1989      
ETRAN    1964 Monte Carlo   United States   NIST Monte Carlo system 
Etude    1979 Sound-Synthesis   United States   Music programming language 
Eulalie    1968 2d shape   France   Conversational graphical programming system 
EusLisp    1988 Lazy Evaluation LISPs   Japan   geometric modeler in Lisp for Robotics and CAD 
EXAPT    1967 Numerical Control   Germany    
EXAPT 2    1967 Numerical Control   Germany   NC language 
EXAPT 3    1968 Numerical Control   Germany   NC languages capable of contouring 
EXEL    1973   France    
expect    1991   United States    
FAC    1986 Lazy Evaluation FPs   United States   Functional alternative to APL 
Facile    1989 Lazy Evaluation FPs   United States   SML with CCS style processes 
FACOM-R    1990   Japan   PL/R on a FACOM minicomputer  
FACSIMILE    1976 Differential Equations   United States   Biological simulation language 
Fact Compiler Language    1960 Flat DB   United States   Restricted ENglish querying language 
FASE    1969 Semantic   United States    
FBD    2003 Expression oriented   International   GRaphical circuit emulation system 
FCL    1996   United States   Command interface language 
FCL    1983   United States   Felix Command Language 
FCL    1985   United States   Firing Control Language 
FEL    1982 Robotics   United States   Feature Extraction Language 
FEMALE    1982   United States   Finite element modelling language 
FGHC    1987   Japan   Flat GHC 
FGL    1979   United States   Function Graph Language. 
FLAN    1981 Vector   United States   Vector processing language 
Flavors Band    1984 Sound-Synthesis   United States   Musical composition language 
FLEX    1990   Canada   Faster LEX 
FLIC    1987   United Kingdom   Intermediate level language for functional programs 
Flocoder    1971 2-D Graphic Languages   United Kingdom   Flowchart-based languages 
Flow Simulator    1963 Process interaction   United States   RCA flow simulation language 
FMILL    1968 Numerical Control   United States   NC language 
FORD GRAPHICS SYSTEM    Numerical Control   United States    
Ford-Columbia Input Language    1970 Sound-Synthesis   United States   Music programming language 
FORGE    1988 CAI languages   United States   Computer aided instruction language 
Formes    1983 Sound-Synthesis   France    
FP    1977 Strict evaluation FPs   United States   Functional Programming 
FPL    1985 Flowcharts   United States   Graphical beginners programming language 
FPL    1972 Response languages   United States   Medical application language 
Frames    1974 Frame languages   United States   Minsky's pioneering FRL 
Framework    1990   United States   CMU Frame language 
Framework Simula    1975 Event scheduling   Canada   Simula with frameworks 
FRAN    1965 Civil   United States    
FRAN    1997 Animation   United States   Functional reactive animation system 
FRL    1977 Frame languages   United States   Frame Representation Language 
FROB    1999 Robotics   United States   FRP dialect featuring robotic control 
FROBS    1986 Frame languages   United States   OO frame language 
Fusion    1994   United States   Object modelling language 
FZCLIPS    1995 RETE and production   Canada   Fuzzy extensions to CLIPS 
G    1988 Animation   United States   Runtime graphics language for GRASP 
Gabriel    1990   United States   Graphical DSP simulation language  
GADS    1979 2d shape   United States   Geographical query language 
GAL    1989   United Kingdom   Graphical equivalent of Pascal 
GAME    1977   Canada   Game programming simulations language 
Gaming DYNAMO    1976   United States   Interactive Dynamo II/F 
GAMMA    1966 Decision tables   United States   Bonner and Moore Matrix Generator language 
GAMMA    1968 Activity scanning   Norway   Evolution of SIMULA 
GAMMA 3    1966 Decision tables   United States   Matrix Generator and report writer 
Garnet    1990 Interface and windowing   United States   High level OO language with interface capabilities  
GASP    1961 Event scheduling   United States   General Activity Simulation Program 
GASP IIA    1968 Event scheduling   United States   GASP II with augmented filing system 
GASP IV    1973 Hybrid   United States   General Activity Simulation Program  
GASPPI    1976 Event scheduling   United States   Process interaction GASP 
GASP-PL/I    1977 Hybrid   United States   GASP in PL/I 
GDDL    1979 2d shape   Japan   Geographical data description language 
GDL    1988   Germany    
GECENT    1968 Numerical Control   United States   NC language 
GEM    1969 2d shape   United States    
GEM    1985   United States   Concurrent specification language  
GenCode    1967 Page and book layout   Canada   Generalised printing markup system 
GENESYS    1969 Animation   United States   Animation language at Lincoln 
Genie    1990 2d shape   United States   Mentor's electronics CAD language 
GEO-QUEL    1979 2d shape   United States   Geographical extensions to QUEL 
GEPLAD    1967 Numerical Control   United States   Drilling NC language 
GERMINAL    1974 2d shape   France   Itegrated CAD system 
GERT    1966 Event scheduling   United States   Graphical simulation system 
GERT III-Z    1976 Event scheduling   United States   Graphical simulation system 
GERTS    1967 Event scheduling   United States   Graphical simulation system 
GERTS II    1969 Event scheduling   United States   Graphical simulation system 
GERTS III    1970 Event scheduling   United States   Graphical simulation system 
GERTS III C    1970 Event scheduling   United States   Graphical simulation system 
GERTS III Q    1970 Event scheduling   United States   Graphical simulation system 
GERTS III QR    1973 Event scheduling   United States   Graphical simulation system 
GERTS III R    1970 Event scheduling   United States   Graphical simulation system 
GHC    1985   Japan    
Ghostscript    1990 2d shape   United States   Interpreter for postscript 
GINA    1967 2d shape   United States   Interactive graphics system 
Ginger    1992   United Kingdom   Simple functional language with parallel constructs 
GINO    1969 2d shape   United Kingdom    
GINO-F    1975   United Kingdom    
GIRL    1969 Graph   United States    
GIRL    1981 2d shape   United States   Graphical input language 
Gist    1977 Definition languages   United States   Specification language 
GKS    1983   United States    
GL    1968 3-D Visual Languages   United States   Language for 3d description 
Glennie syntax language    1960 Grammar and Syntax-oriented   United States   Syntax-directed UNCOL compiler 
GLISP    1980 Lazy Evaluation LISPs   United States   Lisp with structural abstraction 
GLU    1995   United States   Granular Lucid 
GOAL    1973 Multiline   United States   Ground Operations Aerospace Language  
GOL    1969 Modal   United States   Extension to LISP for predicate calculus 
GOLDWORKS    1985 Frame languages   United States    
GOLUX    1974   United Kingdom    
Gordon Simulator    1959 Activity scanning   United States   Systems simulation dialect of FORTRAN 
GOSPEL    1977 Expression oriented   Italy   CSSL-like simulation language 
GPL    1976 2d shape   United States   Graphical programming language 
GPL/I    1971 2d shape   United States    
GPS    1957 RETE and production   United States   General Problem Solver  
GPSS    1959 Event scheduling   United States   General Purpose Systems Simulator 
GPSS 1100    1971 Process interaction   United States   GPSS for the UNIVAC 1100 
GPSS II    1962 Event scheduling   United States   General Purpose Systems Simulator 
GPSS III    1965 Event scheduling   United States   General Purpose Systems Simulator 
GPSS V    1970 Event scheduling   United States    
GPSS/360    1967 Event scheduling   United States   GPSS IV for the 360 
GPSS/360 - Norden    2002 Event scheduling     Interactive graphical GPSS 
GPSS/H    1975 Process interaction   United States   Extended GPSS 
GPSSS    1972 Event scheduling   Canada   Simula 67 with enhanced simulation capabilities 
GRAAL    1972 Graph   United States   Graphic extension to Fortran 
Graphic ALGOL    1976 2d shape   United States    
Graphic Language    1967 2d shape   United States    
Graphical TRAMP    1969 2d shape   United States   Graphical extensions to TRAMP 
GRASP    1966 2d shape   United States   GRAphic Service Program 
GRASP/Ada    1989 2-D Graphic Languages   United States   Graphical language for creating Ada 
GRASS    1972 2d shape   United States    
Griffiss machine translation language    1967 Language-oriented   United States    
GRIN    1977 2d shape   United States    
GRIN    1965 Flowcharts   United States   GRaphical INteraction language 
GRIND    1969 Flowcharts   United States    
GROPE    1973 Graph   United States   Graph processing language 
GSP    1957 Activity scanning   United Kingdom   General Simulation Program  
GSP    1968 2d shape   United States   Fortran graphics subroutine package 
GSP    1968 Plan languages   United States   Space planning language 
GSP II    1962 Process interaction   United Kingdom   General Simulation Program 
GT STRUDL    1975 Civil   United States   Georgia Tech STRUDL 
HAL    1970 Multiline   United States   Spaceflight language 
Hart    1964 Symbolic   United States   Early symbolic analysis language written in Lisp 
HDDL    1981   Netherlands   Philips dialogue definition language 
HELP    1980     Hybrid high- and low-level robotics language 
Heuristic Compiler    1962   United States   Carnegie Heuristic Compiler 
HGL    1970 Graph   United States   Hierarchical graph language 
Hi-Visual    1992   Japan    
Hocus Pocus    1971 Process interaction   United Kingdom   Algol based simulation language 
HPRL    1982 Frame languages   United States   KRL 
HYBLOC    1964 Expression oriented   United States   Hybrid BLOC language 
HYPAC    1970 Expression oriented   United States   Hybrid extensions to Pactolus 
IBAL    Bayesian   United States    
ICES    1961 Civil   United States   Integrated Civil Engineering System 
ICETRAN    1965 Civil   United States   Translator between ICES and FORTRAN 
ICT    1968 Cell-based   United States   Satellite graphics language 
IDAMS    1983 2d shape   Germany   Pictorial retrieval language 
IDF    1970 CAI languages   United States   HP CAI language 
IGL    1979 2d shape   Japan   Geographical query language 
IMOL    1969 Command systems     Interactive MOnitor Language 
IMP    1973 Columnar sheets   United States   OMNITAB variant 
IMS    1980 Event scheduling     Simulation language 
INCA    1978 Numerical Control     NC language 
Inform    1985 Robotics   United States   Motoman robotics language 
Inform 2    1990 Robotics   United States   Motoman robotics language 
Ingerman generalised BNF    1959   United States    
INSTRUCT    1969 CAI languages   United States   CAI language 
INTERACTIVE    1983   United States   Network simulation language 
Interactive STRUDL    1971 Civil   United States   Strudl for Timeshare systems plus graphics 
INTERCOL    1979   United States   module interconnection language  
INTRO-STAT    1968 Statistical   United States    
INTUVAL    1970 2d shape   United States   Visual language for describing urban scapes 
IPL    1987 2-D Graphic Languages   International    
IS    1995   Germany   Theoretical archetypical imperative language 
Isaac    1952 List   United States   Earliest List processing language 
ISIS    1978 Expression oriented   United States   Simulation language 
ISM    1966 Algebraic   United States   Symbol manipulation language 
ISP    1971 Digital   United States    
ISP      United States   System for graphical communication with satellites 
ISPL    1971 Digital   United States   Instruction Set Processor Language 
ISPS    1979 Digital   United States   Operational hardware specification language 
ISQL    1983 2-D Graphic Languages   Germany    
J    1990 Array   United States   Iverson's second (simplified, ascii, functional) array-based language 
JaM    1978 Stack   United States    
JASP    1970 Activity scanning   United States   Simulation language for a time-shared system 
JCL    1971 Command systems   United States   Job Control Language 
JESS    1995 RETE and production     Java Expert System Shell 
JFLIP    1966 Non Standard FIV   United States   FORTRAN Language with Interval Preprocessor 
JML    1998   United States   Interface specification language for JAVA 
JoCAML    1999   France    
JOCIT    1977   United States   Jovial J3 intermediate code 
JOSIE    1991 Frame languages   United States    
K2    1995 Robotics   United States   Trellis' robotics language 
KAIL    1976 CAI languages   United States    
Kandor    1984 Frame languages   United States    
KAPPA    1990 Frame languages   United States   Frame language 
KAREL    1986   United States   GMFanuc 
Karlsruhe AL    1981   Germany   Karlsruhe version of AL 
KB    1990 Frame languages   United States    
KBS    1981 Event scheduling   United States   Frames-based simulation language 
KEE    1984 Frame languages   United States   IDE based frame language 
Kevo    1992 Prototyping   Finland   Stack and prototype-based object-oriented language 
KL0    1982   Japan   Kernel Language 0 
KL1    1988   Japan   Kernel Language 1 
KL-ONE    1977 Frame languages   United States    
KOBRA    1968 Numerical Control   Norway   NC language 
KOP    1965 Decision tables   United States   Online system for batching jobs 
KREME    1986 Frame languages   United States   Frame language 
ksh    1982 Command systems   United States   Command language and environment for UNIX 
L    1967 Multiline   United Kingdom   Multiple line function generator 
LACE    1992   United States   Language for Assembling Classes in Eiffel 
LAMA    1973 Robotics   United States    
LARIS    2000   Netherlands    
LAS    1979 Algebraic     Algebra system 
LaTeX    1980   United States   Document structuring extensions to TeX 
LAU    1976 Single-assignment   France   Single assignment language  
Law-Governed Linda    1992   United States    
LAX    1972   United States    
LD    2003 Expression oriented   International   PLC simulation/programming language 
LEANS    1966 Differential Equations   United States   Lehigh Pactolus 
LEAP with Graphical Extensions    1969 2d shape   United States   LEAP with graphics primitives 
LEASE    1965 Civil   United States   Subsystem of ICES 
L-hat    1961 Information algebra   United States   SHARE Information Algebra 
LINDA    1970 Event scheduling   United States   Computer simulation language for LSI hardware  
Lingo    1991 Animation   United States   Macromedia animation scripting language 
LinxBasic    1991 Street basics   Canada   Generator language 
LISA    2000 RETE and production   United States   LISP expert system shell 
LISP-STAT    1989 Statistical   United States   Stats system in lisp 
LL    1994 Linear   Netherlands   Logic language for the Doedens multi language text query system 
LLAMA    1973 Robotics   United States   Robotics control language 
LLD    1989   United States   KR Language for law 
LLOGO    1970 2d shape   United States   LISP LOGO 
LO    1990   United Kingdom   Linear Objects 
Lockheed Simultaneous Differential Equations    1954 Formulaic   United States   Lockheed Simultaneous Differential Equations  
LOCS    1965 Activity scanning   United States   Simulation system for EDP 
LOOKS    1993 Animation   Netherlands   Animation 
LOOPN++    2000   Australia   LOOPN generating C++ 
LOTIS    1969 Expression oriented   Switzerland   Computer simulation language 
LOWL    1970 Intermediate languages and VMs   United Kingdom    
LT    1957 Linear   United States   Logical Theorist - theorem proving system at RAND 
LT-2    1959 Linear   United States    
Ludwig decision table simulation language    1967 Decision tables   United States   Simulation language with decision tables  
LYaPAS    1964 Pure APLs   Russian Federation   Symbolic extensions to APL 
MacAims    1968 RDBMs   United States   Set-based data retrieval language 
MacNodal    1987 Generation of JOSS I   Switzerland   Macintosh version of NODAL 
MacPIKS    1985   United States   Frame language 
Macrosal    1965 2d shape   United States   Interactive graphics system 
MAD Simulation    1965 Expression oriented   United States    
MADCAP III    1961 Multiline   United States   Version 3 of Madcap 
MADS    1964 2d shape   United States    
Magik    1999   United Kingdom    
MAGSY    1985 RETE and production   Germany   Multi-agent OPS5 
Maisie    1989   United States   C concurrency extension  
MALUS    1970 XPLs   United States   GM XPL 
MANS    1969 Cell-based   United States   Superset of PAX II system, for generalised processing 
MAP    1993 Actor   Italy   Distributed AI OO language 
MAP/1    1983   United States   Modeling and Analysis Program 
MAPQUERY    1982 2d shape   Switzerland   Geographical query language 
MAQUEST    1970 Response languages   Israel   Questionairre processing language 
Mast    1990 Expression oriented   United Kingdom   Continuous simulations language 
MATRIX    1955 Matrix   United Kingdom   Ferranti Matrix Interpretive Scheme 
Maude    1990   United States    
MBL    1995   Canada   Language for compiler construction 
McClure simulation language    1964 Digital   United States   TI digtal language 
MC-OBJ    1988   Italy   Interpreter for OBJ 
M-Code    1977 Intermediate languages and VMs   United States    
M-Control    1987   United States   Multimedia control language 
MDS    1976 Frame languages   United States   KR system 
MELFA    1992 Robotics   Japan   Mitsubishi Robotics language 
Merle    1997   United States   Medical Retrieval Language 
Merlin    1995 Prototyping   Brazil   Reflective dialect of Self 
Meta    1960 Grammar and Syntax-oriented   United States   Syntax-directed compiler 
METAL    1988   United States   BBS scripting language 
METAPLAN    1965 Grammar and Syntax-oriented   United States   Semantics-directed compiler 
META-SYMBOL    1968 Macroassemblers   United States   SDS Macroassembler 
METAVISU    1972   France    
me-too    1984 Interface and windowing   United Kingdom   Functional language for executable specifications 
MG/SAS    1963 Optimisation and LP   United States    
Mica    2002 Prototyping   United States   Prototyping OO language for MUDs 
microCRL    1990   Netherlands   Algebraic specification 
microFlex    1969 List   United States    
MIDAS    1974 Visualisation   United States   Data visualisation language 
MIDAS    1963 Expression oriented   United States   Digital simulation language 
MIDAS II    1964 Expression oriented   United States   Digital simulation language  
MIDAS III    1965 Expression oriented   United States   Digital simulation language  
MIDL    1993 Interface and windowing   Australia   Menu Interface Design Language 
MIKE    1988 Algebraic   Belgium   Algebraic Modula 2 
MIL    1970 CAI languages   United States   Minnesota Instructional Language  
MIL    1976   United States   Module Interconnection Language 
MILITRAN    1964 Event scheduling   United States   Military simulation language 
MILMAP    1967 Numerical Control   United Kingdom    
MIMIC    1964 Expression oriented   United States   Continuous simulations language 
MINI    1973 Robotics   United States   robotics language 
MINI-EXPLOR    1975 Animation   United States   Animatino language 
MINITAB    1976 Columnar sheets   United States   Interactive statistical programming 
MINITAB II    1979 Columnar sheets   United States   Interactive statistical programming 
MIRAGER    1971 Assemblers   United States   Micropgrogramming assembler 
Miranda    1985 Lazy Evaluation FPs   United Kingdom    
Miranim    1985 Animation      
MIRFAC    1962 Multiline   United Kingdom   2dimensional maths compiler 
MISP    1958 Expression oriented   United States   Interactive simulation language 
MIT-STRUDL    1975 Civil   United States   Evolution of STRUDL-II 
Mizar    1988   Poland    
Mizar    1973 Algebraic   Poland    
mLucid    1993 Polymorphic   Canada   Indexical Lucid 
Mlud    2002 Response languages   United States   OO ML for MUDs 
Mma    1991 Algebraic   United States   Mathematical system 
MOA    1988   United States   parallel language 
MOD IV    1961 Expression oriented   United States   Digital differential analyzer simulator 
MODEL    1970 Event scheduling   United States   Computer simulation language for LSI hardware 
MODSIM    1986   United States   Simulation lanugage based on Modula 2 
MODSIM II    1989   United States   Object-oriented modular language for discrete simulation 
Modula Plus    1989   Canada    
Modula-3    1988 OO C family   International   OO language with genericity and prototyping 
MONTECODE    1962 Monte Carlo   United Kingdom   Interpreter Monte Carlo simulations language 
MOP    1970 Animation   United States   Motion Picture generating language 
Moscow SML    1997   Russian Federation    
MOUSE4    1978   United States   RATFOR with a hash table 
Movie    1963 Animation   United States   Knowlton 
MPL/I    1967 Grammar and Syntax-oriented   Canada   Matrix PL/I 
MPS    1972   United States    
MRC Picture Language    1968 Cell-based   United Kingdom   Language for analysis and manipulation of images 
M-STRUDL    1985   United States   PC STRUDL 
MUDDL    1985 Game languages   United Kingdom   MUD language 
muFP    1984 Polymorphic   United Kingdom   VLSI functional language 
MUMBLE    1982 2d shape   United States    
Muse    1990 Horn clause   International   Or-Parallel Prolog 
MUSIC 10    1971 Sound-Synthesis   United States   Musical composition language 
MUSIC 11    1973 Sound-control   United States   Musical composition language 
MUSIC 360    1969 Sound-Performance   United States   Musical composition language 
MUSIC 4B    1964 Sound-Performance   United States   Musical composition language 
MUSIC 4BF    1965 Sound-Performance   United States   Musical composition language 
MUSIC 4F ORPHEUS    1965 Sound-Performance   United States   Musical composition language 
MUSIC 6    1975 Sound-Synthesis   United States   Musical composition language 
MUSIC I    1957 Sound-Performance   United States   Musical composition language 
MUSIC II    1958 Sound-Performance   United States   Bell labs musical composition language 
MUSIC III    1960 Sound-Performance   United States   Musical composition language 
MUSIC IV    1963 Sound-Performance   United States   Bell Labs musical composition language 
MUSIC V    1969 Sound-Performance   United States   Bell Labs musical composition language 
MUSIGOL    1966 Sound-Synthesis   United States   Musical composition language 
MUSYS    1969 Sound-control   United Kingdom   Systems language for the EMS studio 
NAKL    1982 Polymorphic   United States   Dataflow lagnuage 
Namer    1964 Ad hoc query languages   United States   Graphically oriented data retrieval language  
NAPIER 88    1988   United Kingdom    
Nassi-Shneiderman charts    1972 Flowcharts   United States   Graphical programming formalism 
NELIAC Simulator    1963 Process interaction   United States   Simulation extensions to NELIAC 
NeoLogo     1994 Prototyping   Brazil   Prototyping OO extension of Logo 
NET-1    1969 Expression oriented   United States   Circuit analysis system 
Newton Script    1995 Prototyping   United States   Prototyped scripting language for the Apple Newton 
NIL    1983   United States   Network Implementation Language 
NITA    1967 Decision tables   United Kingdom   Decision table language 
nML    1991 Grammar and Syntax-oriented   United States   Grammar specification language 
NP    1996   United States   NitPick modelling language 
NPSTAT    1968 Statistical   United States   Stats package from MSU 
NTF    1990 Frame languages   Germany    
NUCOL    1967 Numerical Control   Italy   Italian NC language 
NUCOM    1961 Numerical Control   United States   CNC language 
NUT    1986   Estonia    
Object CHILL    1992 Pascals   International    
Object-CHILL    1990 Pascals   International   Proposed object-oriented extension of CHILL 
OBLIQ    1993 Actor   United Kingdom   OO language for distributed objects 
OCAL    1966 Patterns   United States   Pattern matching alnguage for cryptographic analysis 
OCAML    1995   France   Objective CAML 
OCL    1999   United States   Object Constraint Language 
Oettinger's shape language    1961   United States    
OGSURF    1986   Germany   CAD/CAM NC language 
Omega    1991 Prototyping   Austria   Protype based OOL 
OMNI    1976 Modelling   United States    
OMNIBAC Symbolic assembler    1951 Symbolic assemblers   United States   First symbolic machine code 
OMNIFORM    1960 Columnar sheets   United States   NBS analysis system 
OMNITAB    1963 Columnar sheets   United States   Statistical analysis and desk calculator 
OMNITAB 80    1980 Columnar sheets   United States   Spreadsheet program 
OMNITAB II    1970 Columnar sheets   United States   Statistical analysis system 
OO-CHILL    1990 Pascals   International   Proposed object-oriented extension to CHILL 
OPAL    1989 DSP   United States    
OPAL    1972 Other algorithmic   United States    
OPAL    1993 Goguen algebra   Germany   Algebraic functional language 
OPAL-1    1993 Goguen algebra   Germany   Algebraic functional language 
OPS    1970 RETE and production   United States   Official Production System 
OPS/R2    1985 RETE and production   United States   Production system 
OPS2    1978 RETE and production   United States   Official Production System version 2 
OPS-2    1964 Activity scanning   United States   On-line Process Synthesizer version 3 
OPS3    1979 RETE and production   United States   Official Production System version 3 
OPS-3    1965 Process interaction   United States   On-line Process Synthesizer version 3 
OPS4    1979 RETE and production   United States   Official Production System version 4 
OPS5    1979 RETE and production   United States   Official Production System version 5 
OPS5+    1983 RETE and production   United States   PC version of OPS5 
OPS6    1981 RETE and production   United States   Production system 
OPS7    1983 RETE and production   United States   Production system 
OPS83    1983 RETE and production   United States   Official Production System 1983 version 
OPSAda3    1984 RETE and production   United States    
OPSJ    1988 RETE and production   United States   Production system 
OPTIMIX    1994 Graph   Germany   Graph rewriting language based on Datalog 
OPUS    1987 Frame languages   United States    
Oramant Problem Solver    1969 RETE and production   India    
ORPHEUS    1963 Sound-Performance   United Kingdom   Earlier copmuter music language 
OSIRIS    1970 Statistical   United States    
OSIRIS II    1972 Statistical   United States    
OSIRIS III    1973 Statistical   United States    
OSIRIS IV    1980 Statistical   United States    
OSU APL    1993 Array   United States   Hybrid APL/PASCAL to evaluate usability of visual languages 
OZ    1993   Germany   Concurrent constraint language 
Ozone    1986 Frame languages      
PACTOLUS    1964 Digital   United States   Digital simulation language 
PAD    1973 Interface and windowing   Germany   Programming by example 
Paddle    1982 Definition languages   United States   Transformation language 
PADL    1975 Robotics   United States   Rochester parts assembler language 
PAGET    1967 Numerical Control   Italy    
PAL    1968 Plan languages   United States    
PALM    1993 Patterns   United States   Pattern language for molecular biology 
Paralation C    1989 CPL, BCPL and B   United States    
Parallaxis    1989   Germany    
PARKA    1989 Frame languages   United States    
PARMENIDES    1989 Frame languages   United States    
Parsec    1991   United States   C-based parallel simulation language 
PARTNER    1962 Analog   United States   Analog simulations language  
PASRO    1985   Germany   Pascal dialect for robotics 
PASSIM    1980   United States   Simulation language based opn PASCAL 
PAX    1964 Cell-based   United States   Picture representation language for Cloud Chambers 
PAX II    1969 Cell-based   United States   Picture array processing language 
PC    1965 2d shape   United States   PIcture Compiler for RCA GOLD 
PCLIPS    1990 RETE and production   United States   Parallel CLIPS 
PD Strudl    1973 Civil   United States   Phi Delta STRUDL 
PDEL    1968 Difference Equations   United States   Partial differential equation system implemented  
PDELAN    1972 Difference Equations   United States   Fortran partial differential equation 
PDEL-ID    1974 Differential Equations   United States   Distributed differential equation 
PDL    1976   United States   Process Design Language 
PDL    1970 2d shape   United States   Picture Description Language 
PDL    1973   United States   Program Design Language  
PDL    1988   Japan   Process Description Language 
PDL    1974 Semantic descriptions     Pictorial description language 
PDL/74    1973   United States   Program Design Language 1974 
PDL/81    1980   United States   Program Design Language 1981 
PDL/Ada    1981   United States   Program design language based on Ada  
PDP FLEX    1970 List   United States    
PEARL    1970 Assemblers   Germany   Real-Time Language 
PEARL 90    1989 Assemblers   Germany    
PEG    1967 Algebraic   United States   Interactive maths system 
Pegasus function interpreter    1959 Algebraic   United Kingdom   Algebraic system for the Pegasus 
PEI    1994   Belgium   parallel language 
PENCIL    1967 2d shape   United States   Pictorial encoding language 
PET    1965 Decision tables   United States   Decision table language 
PET    1965 Decision tables   Canada   Decision table language 
Pfeiffer and Hoehne dialog language    1975 Interface and windowing   Germany    
Phoenix    1975 Command systems   United Kingdom   Command language for IBM at Cambridge 
PIC    1982   United States   Graphics meta-language 
Pict/D    1984 2-D Graphic Languages   United States   Interactive graphical programming environment 
PiCTeX    1991 2d shape   United States   Picture extensions to TeX 
Pictorial Janus    1992   United States    
PICTURE    1977   United States   Picture drawing language 
Picture Calculus    1967 2d shape   United States    
Picture Language    1970 2d shape   Australia   Language for describing line drawings 
piDEMOS    1993   Canada   teaching subset of DEMOS 
PIE    1988   United States   Visual language 
PIL    1969 Other algorithmic   United States   Procedure Implementation Language 
PIRL    1971 Graph   United States    
PIT    1958 Intermediate languages and VMs   United States   Intermediate language for Internal Translator 
PIVOT Input language    1973   United States   INput language for the PIVOT theorem prover 
PL/CV    1975 Predicate   United States   Verifying logical dialect of PL/CS 
PL/CV2    1982 Predicate   United States   Verifying logical dialect of PL/CS 
PL516    1970 PL-360s   United Kingdom    
PLA    1983 Sound-Synthesis   United States   Music programming language 
Plaine and Easie Code    1970 Sound-Synthesis   United States   Music programming language 
PLAN    1968 Plan languages   United States    
PLANIT    1967 CAI languages   United States   Umich/SDC CAI language 
Plasyd    1965 PL-360s   United Kingdom   ICL systems language 
PLAY    1986 Animation   United States    
PLIP    1977   United States    
PLITRAN    1964 IBM PL/Is   Australia   PL/I Preprocessor 
PLM    1957 Ad hoc query languages   United States   Graphically oriented data retrieval language 
POLROB    1990   Poland   POL for robotic arms 
Poly    1970 2d shape   United States   Geometrical language 
PORTAL    1977   Germany   Real-time safe PASCAL dialect 
PPL    1978 Pascals   United Kingdom   portable systems language 
PRECISE    1968 Columnar sheets   United States   Precision version of Omnitab 
PREP    1969 Cell-based   United States    
PRISM    1983 Frame languages   United States   KR language used in machine learning 
PRL    1995   United States   Population Rule Language 
PROCSIM    1974 Expression oriented   Australia   Simulation language for processors 
PROFI-11    1982 Interface and windowing   Germany    
PROJECT    1965 Planning and development   United States   Project management subsystem for ICES 
PROLAC    1996   United States   Language for Protocol Compilation 
Prolog-D-Linda    1990 Horn clause   Australia   Linda style Prolog 
Prolog-II    1982 Horn clause   France   Prolog with dif and freeze 
Prolog-Linda    1989 Horn clause   Australia    
PROMO    1965 Numerical Control   Italy   CNC Language 
PROPHET    1974 Chemical formula languages   United States   Chemical informatics language 
PROSE    1975 Hybrid   United States   Hybrid simulation language 
PROTEUS    1987 Frame languages   United States    
Prothon    2004 Prototyping   United States   Prototyping OO dialect of Python 
PSG    1969 RETE and production   United States    
PSICO    1962 W European algorithmic systems   Italy   Italian autocompiler 
PSP    1970 Statistical   United States   Subsumption of several stats systems 
Ptolemy    1993   United States   Digital Simulations 
pure_LISP    2002 Strict evaluation LISPs   United States    
QA3    1967 Goal description   United States   Question Answering 
QDGS    1967 2d shape   United States   Graphics extensions to FORTRAN 
Q-GERT    1979 2d shape   United States   Graphical simulation system 
QUICKTALK    1986   United States   Smalltalk-80 dialect for defining primitive methods 
QUIKSCRIPT    1965 Internal Translators   United States   Extensions to GATE for simulation 
Quilian semantic network    1964 Frame languages   United States   Original frames system 
QUILT    1970 CAI languages   United States   CAI language 
QUIN    1965 External systems control   United States   Interactive system control language 
Quine    1952 Symbolic   United States   Quine's logic system 
QX    1969 DSP   United States    
RAIL    1982   United States    
RAMOS     1970 2d shape   Australia   Rule-based graphcial analysis system 
RAND-ABEL    1990 Decision tables   United States   Simulation language for warfare 
RAPID    1995 Robotics   United States   ABBA robotics language 
RAPT    1977 Robotics   United Kingdom   Edinburgh robotics language 
RDL    1979   United States   Requirements and Development Language 
RDL/C    1990 RETE and production   France    
RDL1    1988 RETE and production   France    
REF-ARF    1970 Goal description   United States    
REFORM    1968 Columnar sheets   United States    
REGENT    1971 2d shape   Germany   CAD Language 
Resampling Stats    1990 Columnar sheets   United States   Resmaplong capability Omnitab 
RESQ    1978 Event scheduling   United States    
RETICENT    1982   United States   command and query language for spectrophotometric analysis 
RHET    1990 Frame languages   United States    
ROADS    1965 Civil   United States   Problem-solving package for ICES 
ROBEX    1981 Robotics   Germany   Robotics dialect of EXAPT 
RobotScript    1998 Robotics   United States   Scripting language for robots 
ROHR Numerical Tool Control    1961 Numerical Control   United States   Sperry Rand NC 
ROMANCE    1968 Numerical Control   United States   1130 NC Language 
ROSIE    1981   United States   English-based AI language 
RPL    1987   Netherlands   Base language for ELEGANT 
Ruby    1986 Strict evaluation FPs   United States    
RuleML    2002   International   Rule markup language 
S    1976 Statistical   United States   Statistical analysis language at Bell Labs 
S*    1976 Pascals   Canada   microprogramming language schema 
SA    1977 3-D Visual Languages   United States   Multi-modal universal language by Ross 
SA-C    1998   United States   Parallel C 
SAD    1988   Japan   Scripting language for the SAD facility at KEK 
SAFARI    1965 Editing and processing   United States    
SAINT    1961 Algebraic   United States   A program to do formal integration 
SAL    1977 Other algorithmic   Denmark   Paper language suitable for semantic definition 
SAL    1964 2d shape   United States   Display primitives system for PDP-6 
SAL    1999   United States   for Spatial Aggregation Language 
SAL    1990   United Kingdom   SPARK Annotation Language 
SAM    1966 Expression oriented   United Kingdom   Continuous Simulation Language 
SAP-2    1965 Numerical Control   Estonia   NC language 
SAS    1971 Statistical   United States   Statistical Analysis System 
Sassy    1999   United States   Parallel dialect of C 
SCA    1983 Statistical   United States   Univariate-multivariate time series language 
SCAD    1959 Multiline   United States   Grems/Post document access language 
SCAN    1987   Greece   Language for the SCAN encoding system 
scangen    2000   Netherlands   Scanner-generator for ELEGANT 
Scanner    1963 External systems control   United States   Knowlton 
SCL    1980   United Kingdom   Command language for the VME/B 
SCOOP    1966 2d shape   United States   Graphics system for CalComp 
SCOOP    1988 Horn clause   France    
SCORE    1967 Report Generators   United States   Report generator 
SCORS    1965 Low-level Autocoders   United States   Autocoder for Stromberg-Carlson intelligent recorder 
SCOT    1978 Sound-Synthesis   United States   Music programming language 
Scribe    1978 Layout and display   United States   Text-formatting language 
Scriptu    1977 Sound-Synthesis   United States   Music programming language 
ScriptX    1995 Animation   United States   Taligent animation language 
scsh    2002 Lazy Evaluation LISPs   United States   Scheme Shell 
SDL    1977   United States   Structural Design Language 
SDL    1988   International   Specification and Description Language 
SDL      United States   Structure Definition Language 
SDL    1995 2d shape   Singapore   Shape Definition Language 
SDL    1997   United States   System Description Language for Eiffel/s 
SDSC    1962 Modelling   United States   The State Description Compiler 
SEE    1969 2d shape   United States   3d object placement system 
Self    1987 Prototyping   United States   Prototyping OOPL 
SELFRIDGE    1955 Expression oriented   United States   Analog simulation language 
Selma    1969 Markovs   United States   Markov network analysis system 
SEPOL    1964 Civil   United States   Settlement POL 
SETL    1970 Set   United States   Set based programming language 
sh    1971 Command systems   United States   Command language for UNIX 
SHADOW    1958 Grammar and Syntax-oriented   United States   Syntax-directed compiler 
SHARE Information Algebra    1959 Other DPLs   United States   Description language for inhomogeneous collection of entities 
SHAZAM    1974 Animation   United States   Smalltalk animation language 
SHOP    1967 Numerical Control   United States   NC language 
SHOWER    1963 Monte Carlo   Germany   Nagel Monte Carlo system 
SHRIMP    1973 Columnar sheets   United States   OMNITAB variant 
SIAM    1970 Expression oriented   Germany   Simulation language 
Sictran    1967 Intermediate languages and VMs   United Kingdom   Machine independent assembler 
SIFOR    1963 Difference Equations   Italy   Block-oriented simulation language 
SIFT    1962 Fortran I-III Variants   United States   Fortran->Fortran translator 
SIGEC    1969 Geometric   United States    
SIGLA    1978   Italy   Olivetti robotics language 
SIL    1998   Germany   Stack Intermediate Language 
SIL    1990     Simulation Language 
SIMAN II    1987 Event scheduling   United States    
SIMAN III    1989   United States    
SIMAN V    1994   United States   Version 5 of SIMAN 
SIMCOM    1959 Process interaction   United States   Simulation compiler 
SIMFO    1976 Event scheduling   United States   COBOL inspired simulation language 
SIML/I    1979   United States   System simulation language 
SIMON    1963 Process interaction   United Kingdom   Algol-based simulation language 
Simon 75    1975 Event scheduling   United Kingdom   GPSS based Simula dialect 
SIMON II    1965 Process interaction   United Kingdom   Algol-based simulation language 
SIMPAC    1960 Activity scanning   United States   Initial, exploratory version at SDC 
SIMPAC    1962 Activity scanning   United States   Fixed step simulation language 
SIMPL    1974 True ALGOL60s   United States   Horizonatally sequenced Algol  
SIMPL    1972   United States   Family of extensible structured languages 
SIMPL    1971   United States   Interactive simulation language 
SIMPL/I    1972   United States   PL/I-based simulation 
SIMPL-AI    1972   United States   AI dialect of SIMPL 
SIMPL-D    1979   United States   SIMPL with data abstraction extensions 
SIMPLE    1958 Expression oriented   United States   Simulation of Industrial Management Problems with Lots of Equations 
Simple code    1957 Early Autocodes   Netherlands   Floating point autocode 
SIMPL-G    1972 Graph   United States   SIMPL for graphs 
SIMPL-PRL    1972 Patterns   United States   Pattern version of SIMPL 
SIMPL-R    1972   United States   SIMPL-T for reals 
SIMSCRIPT    1961 Event scheduling   United States   Discrete simulations package 
SIMSCRIPT I.5    1965 Event scheduling   United States   Simulation package, produced 7090 assembly 
SIMSCRIPT II    1966 Event scheduling   United States   Simulations language 
SIMSCRIPT II Plus    1970 Event scheduling   United States   Simulations language 
SIMSCRIPT II.5    1967 Event scheduling   United States   Simulations package 
SIMSOL    1971   United States   CDC simulation language 
SIMTRAN    1965 Expression oriented   United States    
SIMULA    1962 Process interaction   Norway   SIMUlation LAnguage 
SIMULA 67    1967 Process interaction   Norway   Object-oriented simulation language 
SIOUX    1964 Expression oriented   Italy   Continuous Simulation Language 
Skill    1990 2d shape   United States   Cadence 
SL/1    1978 Vector   United States   Subset of SIMPL-T 
SLAM II    1980 Hybrid   United States   Extension of SLAM 
SLANG    1995   United States   structures language for engineering 
slip    1960 Symbolic assemblers   Denmark   Macro assembler for GIER computer 
SLOG    1985     Logic programming 
SML    1957 Intermediate languages and VMs   United States   Case UNCOL 
SMOOTH    1974   United States    
SMP    1968 Decision tables   United States   Decision table language 
SMP    1981 Arithmetic   United States    
SNAP    1962 Numerical Control   United States   NC language 
SNePS    1979 Frame languages   United States    
SOCRATIC    1969 CAI languages   United States   Early interactive learning system 
SOGO    1978 Sound-Synthesis   United States   Music programming language 
SOL    1964 Process interaction   United States   Simulation Oriented Language 
SORITEC    1978 Algebraic   United States   statistical/econometric programming language 
SPARTA    1968 2d shape   United States   Line drawing program 
Speakeasy    1971 Algebraic   United States   Interactive expression-oriented language with plugins 
SPEAL    1968 Differential Equations   United States   USAF Electronic simulations language 
SPI    1987 Interface and windowing   United Kingdom   Interface definition language based around CSP and me­-too 
SPICE    1973 2d shape   United States   Simulation Program with Integrated Circuit Emphasis 
SPIP    1977 Pascals   Switzerland    
SPL    2000     Signal Processing Lanugage 
SPL    1972 Statistical   United States   Stats extensions to FORTRAN IV 
SPL    1970 Decision tables   United States   Decision table software 
SPM    1983   United States   VM Language for the Parlog system 
SPS-II    1958 Activity scanning   United States   Proto SIMSCRIPT 
SPSS    1965 Statistical   United States   Stats system 
Sqil    1991   France   Intermediate language for functional programming languages 
SRL    1990 Predicate   United States   Logic programming language 
SRL    1983 Robotics   Germany   Algorithmic robotic language 
SRL    1981 Frame languages   United States   Schema Representation language  
SRL/2    1984 Frame languages   United States   Schema language 
SSL    1970   United States   Systems specification language 
SSP PL/I    1970 Statistical   United States   IBM SSP 360 ported from Fortran 
STAG    1968 Intermediate languages and VMs   United States   Symbolic intermediate language for AUERBACH Inscan 
STAP    1968 Formulaic   Netherlands    
STAR    2000   Switzerland    
Stark algorithm language    1968 Other algorithmic   United States   Language for showing provable algorithms 
Starlog    1991 Interval time   Canada   Stratified Temporal Prolog 
State transition language    1963 Decision tables   United States    
Statecharts    1987 2D Statecharts   Israel    
STAT-PACK    1967 Statistical   United States   Statistical processing system for UNIVAC 1108 
STELLA    1984 Expression oriented   United States   Implementation of DYNAMO for the Macintosh 
STIL    1969 Statistical   United States    
STRESS    1964 Civil   United States   STRuctual Engineering Systems Solver 
STRIP    1961 Scanning and section control   United States   NBS image manipulation system 
STRIP-2    1964 Scanning and section control   United States   Version 2 of NBS scanning language 
STRIP-3    1969 Scanning and section control   United States   Version 3 of NBS scanning language 
Strips    1969 Goal description   United States   Extra-logical problem solver 
STROBES    1965 External systems testing   United States    
STRUDL II    1968 Civil   United States   STRUctured Design Language 
STRUDL-I    1967 Civil   United States   Structure Engineering language 
Super Syntax    1990 2d shape   United States   CAD Hyperscripting language 
SUPERB    1988   Switzerland   Parallel FORTRAN 
SuperBasic    1984   United Kingdom    
Swarm    1994 Activity scanning   United States   Agent based simulation language 
SYMBAL    1967 Algebraic   United States   An extension of ALGOL to do formal algebraic manipulation. 
SYMBOL    1971 Category theory   United States   Hardware based data structure programming language 
SYMP(B)    1968 Numerical Control   Germany   NC Language 
Symphony    1985 2D Spreadsheets   United States   Spreadsheet language 
Syncretic    1963 True ALGOL60s   United States   Abstract Model Description Language 
SYNTAXSYS    1965 Scanning and section control   United States   SEmantic acces to picture subsegments 
SYNTOL    1960 Description languages   France   French IR language 
Syntropy    1994     Object modelling language 
System/360 Decision Logic Translator    1970 Decision tables   United States   Decision table software 
SYSTRID    1984   Switzerland   Machine independant CAD/CAM system 
TABLE    1967 Labelled Matrix   United States   Record management system for ICES 
TABLE-I    1967 Labelled Matrix   United States   Record management system for ICES 
TABLE-II    1969 Labelled Matrix   United States   Record management system for ICES 
TACTICS    1972 Decision tables   United States   Decision table system 
TAG    1986     Task action grammar 
TAL    1993   Germany   CAI analysis language 
TBAG    1990 Animation   United States   Interactive animation language as extension of C++ 
Tcl    1990   United States   Tool Command Language 
TDL    1998 Robotics   United States    
Technologist 67    1967 Numerical Control   Ukraine   NC language 
TELSIM    1966 Expression oriented   United States   Simulation language 
TESI    1981   United States   APL for Pictorial Analysis  
TeX    1978   United States   Text formatting language 
TeX 3    1990   United States   Text formatting language 
TeX-78    1978   United States   Text formatting language 
TeX-82    1982   United States   Text formatting language 
THAT    1964 Individual   United Kingdom   British simulation language 
THEMIS    1972   United States   Distributed graphics processor system  
THEO    1989 Frame languages   United States   Learning frame language 
TLC    1977 3-D Visual Languages   United States   Visual systems implementation language 
TMG    1965 Grammar and Syntax-oriented   United States   Compiler writing language 
TODL    1996   United Kingdom    
TOMAL    1975   United States   Realtime language  
TOODY    1969 Environmenetal Monitoring/Analysis   United States   Interactive modelling system 
TPP    1995 Robotics   Japan   Fanuc robotics language 
TPS    1968 Tree   United States   Tree Pruning System 
TRACD    1967 2d shape   United States   Graphical extenstions to TRAC 
TRANDIR    1969 Definition languages   United States    
TRANS    1970 Activity scanning   United States    
Transforma    1985 Definition languages   United States   Trnsformation language 
TRANSIT    1965 Civil   United States   Problem-solving package for ICES 
TREC    1964 External systems control   United Kingdom   Interactive control system for reactors 
TSP      United States    
Tuki    1986 Intermediate languages and VMs   United Kingdom    
TUTOR    1974 CAI languages   United States   Scripting for CAI 
UAIDE    1966 2d shape   United States   Graphics system at NASA  
UAL      United States   User adaptive language 
Ubik    2000 Actor   United States   Generalised ACTORS system 
UHFM    1971 Algebraic   United States   Formula manipulation language 
Uhr    1964 W European algorithmic systems   United States   Pseudo-natural English for programming system 
UltraCPL    1991 Numerical Control   United States   CAM systems language 
ULTRA-X    1969 Character and symbology   United States   Composition language 
UNIQUE    1973 Command systems   United States   Job control language 
UNISIM    1964 Digital   United States   Network simulation language 
USL    1978 Ad hoc query languages   Germany   Near natural language querying system  
USL    1982 Interface and windowing   United States   User System Language 
USS STAT    1968 Statistical   United States   United Steel Statistics 
USSA    1992   United States   OO state language 
V    1996   United States   Visual programming language 
V    1979   United States   Graphic language 
V    1981 Definition languages   United States    
V+    Robotics      
VAL    1980 Motion-oriented   United States   Variable Assembly Language 
VAL II    1983 Motion-oriented   United States   Version two of the Variable Assembly Language 
VBScript    1996   United States    
Vector C    1986   United States    
VERS    1969 Generalised programming   United States   Set-based algorithmic language 
VHDL    1985   United States   Hardware description language 
VICAR    1966 AV-Control   United States   NASA image manipulation language 
Vicon    1985 2-D Graphic Languages   United States    
Vienna Definition Language    1965 Definition languages   Germany   Formal language description language 
VIF    1989   United States    
VIP    1969 2d shape   United States   Visual Interactive Programming 
VIP    2002      
VisiCalc    1978 2D Spreadsheets   United States   Spreadsheet program 
VITAL    1976   United States    
VL1    1972 2d shape   Poland   Picture representation by variable vlaued logic 
WAM    1983   United States   Intermediate language for compiled Prolog, 
WAVE    1973   United States   Robotics language 
WEB    1984   United States   Self-documenting code language 
WebL    2000 Pascals   United States   Compaq web language 
WESPOL    1980   United States   POL writing system 
WHELP    1974 Arithmetic   United States   Paedogogical Linear programming system 
WIDES    1977 Expression oriented   United States   Simulation language 
WinEGS    1999 Monte Carlo   Canada   Graphical Monte Carlo simulation system 
WinPict    1994     Visual language 
WinSTRUDL    1991   United States   STRUDL for Windows  
WIZOR    1962 Grammar and Syntax-oriented   United States   Compiler compiler for GE-25 
Woodbury    1968 Syntactical descriptions   United States   Image description/manipulation language 
WOOL    1987 Interface and windowing   France   OO window-manager language from INRIA 
Wright    External systems testing   United States    
WRITEACOURSE    1968 CAI languages   United States    
Wyoming structured APL    1979 Array   United States   APL with Dijkstra's structures 
XLISP-STAT    1989 Statistical   United States   Externsions to XLisp for statistics 
XTAB9    1975 Statistical   United States   Statistical language 
XYZ    1962 Expression oriented   United States   Problem-oriented language for calculating trajectories 
Yanov flow diagram language    1957 Flowcharts   Russian Federation   Flowchart language 
youtoo    1994 Lazy Evaluation LISPs   United Kingdom   2nd generation EULisp 
Z22 compiler    1961 Macroassemblers   Germany   High level macro compiler for Zuse Z22 
ZAP    1968 Numerical Control   United States   NC language 
ZAPP    1973 Animation   Canada   Animation generation language 
ZGRASS    1978 Animation   United States    
ZIL    1980