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Language peer sets for TOTAL:
United States
United States/1968
Designed 1968
1960s languages
Third generation
High Cold War
Genus RDBMs
RDBMs
DBMS
Data representation
RDBMs/1968
DBMS/1968
Data representation/1968
RDBMs/United States
DBMS/United States
Data representation/United States

TOTAL(ID:4596/tot001)

Cincom's 4gl database language 

alternate simple view
Country: United States
Designed 1968
Genus: RDBMs


Tom Nies, Concom, 1968

Paired with Socrates (report generator) and Environ (terminal comms program), eventually ran on all major hardware vendors' systems.


Related languages
TOTAL DIET   Extension of

References:
  • (1975) V70 TOTAL Data Base Management System Reference Manual, December 1975.
  • Dunien, R. J.; Sevcik, H. D.; Coccey, K. C.; and W (1977) Dunien, R. J.; Sevcik, H. D.; Coccey, K. C.; and Weigle, E. D. "DIET: A data independent system for medical applications" Abstract
          in [ACM] Proceedings of the 1977 ACM Annual Conferenc (1977) [ACM] Proceedings of the 1977 ACM Annual Conference, Seattle, Washington, Oct. 16-19, 1977
  • Industry Search: (2003) Industry Search: "Cincom Celebrates 35 Years" 17/10/03 Abstract Online copy Extract: Cincom Milestones
          in [ACM] Proceedings of the 1977 ACM Annual Conferenc (1977) [ACM] Proceedings of the 1977 ACM Annual Conference, Seattle, Washington, Oct. 16-19, 1977
  • Hammond, Libbie (2004) Hammond, Libbie "INTERESTING TIMES - Interview with Thomas Nies" FEBRUARY 2004 Extract: TOTAL
          in [ACM] Proceedings of the 1977 ACM Annual Conferenc (1977) [ACM] Proceedings of the 1977 ACM Annual Conference, Seattle, Washington, Oct. 16-19, 1977
    Resources
    • The Software Industry in the 1970s
      In 1971, ICP held its first annual Million Dollar Awards program recognizing software products that had generated over $1 million in revenue. Twenty-nine software products made the list.  By 1976, the Million Dollar Awards roster had grown to 100 products from 64 software companies.  Fifty-two products had passed $5 million in revenue, 15 had passed $10 million, 4 had passed $20 million, and Cincom?s TOTAL database management system received an award for revenues in excess of $50 million.
    • Cincom Systems at The Software History Center
      Nies founded Cincom as a contract programming firm but soon saw the opportunities presented by an emerging market for software products and began development of the TOTAL database system which was released in 1970. In 1976, TOTAL received an ICP award for sales in excess of $50 million. It is one of the very few software product companies founded in the 1960s which is still operating very successfully today.

    • Smithsonian National Museum of American History's interview with Tom Nies (1995)


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