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Language peer sets for HYTRAN:
United States
United States/1963
Designed 1963
1960s languages
Third generation
Early Cold War
Genus Expression oriented
Expression oriented
Expression oriented/1963
Expression oriented/United States
Continuous/United States
Simulating/United States


Analog simulation language 

alternate simple view
Country: United States
Designed 1963
Published: 1964
Genus: Expression oriented

Analog simulation language developed by Ocker at Electronic Associates of Princeton, New Jersey  in 1963-5.

Designed for the the hybrid A/D computer HYDAC 2400 (combining the digital DDP-24 and the analog PACE 23lR), controlled through the ADIOS control desk  (for Analog Digital IO System)

Presumably the design drew on Apache and Ohlinger, because they are mentioned in the Bibliogrpahy of the JCC paper, but the references aren't used in the body.

Related languages
FORTRAN IV HYTRAN   Partly Based on
JOSS II HYTRAN   Influence
HYTRAN BHSL   Dialect of
HYTRAN ECSSL   Intermediate language for
HYTRAN HOI   Interpreter for
HYTRAN HSL   Implementation


  • Carlson and Hannauer (1964) Carlson, A. M. and Hannauer, G., "Hand­book of Analog Computation" (Electronic Associates, Inc., 1964).
  • Ocker and Teger (1964) Ocker, Wolfgang and Teger, Sandra "HYTRAN, a software system to aid the analog programmer" pp291-298 Extract: Introduction to HYTRAN Extract: Functionality of HYTRAN Extract: The HYTRAN Language
          in [AFIPS JCC 26] (1964) [AFIPS JCC 26] Proceedings of the 1964 Fall Joint Computer Conference FJCC 1964
  • Strauss (1966) Strauss, J. C. "Basic Hytran simulation language" pp. 603-611.
          in [AFIPS] (1966) [AFIPS] Proceedings of the 1966 Fall Joint Computer Conference FJCC 29
  • Kovacs and Strauss (1968) Kovacs, Joseph J. and Strauss, Dr. Jon C "An Approach to a Hybrid Programming Language" Computer yearbook and directory Detroit, International Electronics Information Services, 1968 Extract: Apache and reasons for its non-acceptance in the US Extract: Hytran Simulation Language Extract: Conclusion
          in [AFIPS] (1966) [AFIPS] Proceedings of the 1966 Fall Joint Computer Conference FJCC 29
  • Stock (1971) Stock, Karl F. "A listing of some programming languages and their users" in RZ-Informationen. Graz: Rechenzentrum Graz 1971 121 Abstract
          in [AFIPS] (1966) [AFIPS] Proceedings of the 1966 Fall Joint Computer Conference FJCC 29
  • Sammet (1972) Sammet, Jean E., "Roster of Programming Languages 1972" 126
          in (1972) Computers & Automation 21(6B), 30 Aug 1972
  • Stock and Stock (1973) Stock, Marylene and Stock, Karl F. "Bibliography of Programming Languages: Books, User Manuals and Articles from PLANKALKUL to PL/I" Verlag Dokumentation, Pullach/Munchen 1973 285 Abstract
          in (1972) Computers & Automation 21(6B), 30 Aug 1972
    • Hytran SDLC

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