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Language peer sets for Glypnir:
United States
United States/1966
Designed 1966
1960s languages
Third generation
High Cold War
Genus Other Algol 60s
Other Algol 60s
Generation of Algol 60
Algol family
Other Algol 60s/1966
Generation of Algol 60/1966
Algol family/1966
Other Algol 60s/United States
Generation of Algol 60/United States
Algol family/United States


Parallel ALGOL 

alternate simple view
Country: United States
Designed 1966
Published: 1966
Genus: Other Algol 60s
Sammet category: Multi-purpose

for the rope that held Fenris - ie a monster - in the Sagas

1966. An ALGOL-like language with parallel extensions.

Algol-like rather than Fortran-like.

Had swords (“super-words”) rather than explicit parallel arrays

For the ILLIAC IV at UIUC, completed at Ames, after student protest


  • ILLIAC IV University of Chicago at Illinois/Burroughs

Related languages
ALGOL 60 Glypnir   Extension of
Glypnir Actus   Influence
Glypnir CAMAC   Influence

  • Hoffman, R. E. (1972) Hoffman, R. E. "User's Manual for GLYPLIT: A Program to Translate ILLIAC IV GLYPNIR to IBM 360 PL/I" Rand April 1972. Abstract
  • Lawrie et al, D.H. (1975) Lawrie et al, D.H."GLYPNIR A Programming Language for the Illiac IV", Abstract
          in [ACM] (1975) [ACM] CACM 18(03) (Mar 1975)
  • Sammet, Jean E (1978) Sammet, Jean E "Roster of programming languages for 1976-77" pp56-85
          in [SIGPLAN] (1978) SIGPLAN Notices 13(11) Nov 1978
  • Davis, E. (1982) Davis, E. W. (Raleigh, NC) Review of Hord Extract: COntent
          in [SIGPLAN] (1978) SIGPLAN Notices 13(11) Nov 1978
  • Hord, R. Michael (1982) Hord, R. Michael "The ILLIAC IV: the first supercomputer" Computer Science Press, Inc., Rockville, MD, 1982
          in [SIGPLAN] (1978) SIGPLAN Notices 13(11) Nov 1978
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