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Language peer sets for XTRAN:
United States
United States/1958
Designed 1958
1950s languages
Second generation
Early Cold War
Genus Fortran I-III Variants
Numerical Scientific
Fortran I-III Variants
Generation of Fortran I-III
Fortran family
Fortran I-III Variants/1958
Generation of Fortran I-III/1958
Fortran family/1958
Fortran I-III Variants/United States
Generation of Fortran I-III/United States
Fortran family/United States
Numerical Scientific
Numerical Scientific/1958
Numerical Scientific/us


Interactive extensible dialect of FORTRAN 

alternate simple view
Country: United States
Designed 1958
Genus: Fortran I-III Variants
Sammet category: Numerical Scientific

for eXtensible forTRAN

Interactive extensible dialect of FORTRAN, which evolved over time into an interactive extensible dialect of ALGOL!

Bob Bemer IBM 1958 (extensible FORTRAN)
Green, Julien et al, Applied Programming Systems, IBM White PLains NY 1959 (Extensible ALGOL)

Influential (according to Bemer) on IAL

But obviously then became influenced by IAL and Algol 60 (which only goes to show you how family trees don't work for the history of ideas)

Related languages
XTRAN IAL   Influence
XTRAN Wegstein string Algol   Influence

  • Bemer, R (1958) Bemer, R "Techniques Department" - Translation to another language rather than compiling
          in [ACM] (1958) [ACM] CACM 1(07) July 1958
  • Bemer, R.W. (1958) Bemer, R.W. "XTRAN - a compatible superstructure to FORTRAN,with growth possibilities", Proc. GUIDE, 1958 May
          in [ACM] (1958) [ACM] CACM 1(07) July 1958
  • Green, Julien; Shapiro, R. M.; Helt, F. R. Jr.; Fr (1959) Green, Julien; Shapiro, R. M.; Helt, F. R. Jr.; Franciotti, R. G. Theil, E. H. "Remarks on ALGOL, and symbol manipulation" Extract: XTRAN
          in [ACM] (1958) [ACM] CACM 1(07) July 1958
  • Brown, James H. (1960) Brown, James H. review of Green 1960 - XTRAN Extract: Review
          in [ACM] (1960) ACM Computing Reviews, January-December 1960
  • Green, Julien (1960) Green, Julien "Symbol manipulation in XTRAN" Extract:
          in [ACM] (1960) [ACM] CACM 3(04) April 1960
  • Smith, Joseph W. (1960) Smith, Joseph W. "Syntactic and semantic augments to ALGOL" pp211-213 Abstract DOI
          in [ACM] (1960) [ACM] CACM 3(04) April 1960
  • Bemer, R. W. (1961) Bemer, R. W. "Survey of Modern Programming Techniques," the Computer Bulletin (1961): 127-l35
          in [ACM] (1960) [ACM] CACM 3(04) April 1960
  • Sammet, Jean E (1961) Sammet, Jean E "1960 Tower of Babel" diagram on the front of CACM January 1961 Picture: Cover of ACM Communications December 1961
          in [ACM] (1961) [ACM] CACM 4(01) (Jan 1961)
  • R. M. Shapiro (1962) R. M. Shapiro "Computers, connector systems, and data descriptions" pp72-73
          in (1962) Artificial languages
  • Sammet, Jean E., (1972) Sammet, Jean E., "Programming languages: history and future"
          in [ACM] (1972) [ACM] CACM 15(06) (June 1972)
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