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Language peer sets for KLIPA:
Designed 1960
1960s languages
Second generation
Early Cold War
Genus Autocode Coeval
Autocode Coeval
UK historic algorithmic systems
Autocode Coeval/1960
UK historic algorithmic systems/1960
Autocode Coeval/Poland
UK historic algorithmic systems/Poland


Russian symbolic translator  

alternate simple view
Country: Poland
Designed 1960
Published: 1960
Genus: Autocode Coeval
Sammet category: Multi-purpose

for Digitalizing Translator of Symbolic Addresses (in Polish)

Polish symbolic translator for the URAL machine

Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw 1961

"The logical design of most contemporary computers does not appear to be suitable for optimal translation from an external language into machine codes and thus existing translators operate quickly, but produce programs far from optimal (e.g., MAD, Manchester Autocode), or, according to our understanding of the word optimal, are hopelessly slow, e.g., SAKO"

"The translator for KLIPA was constructed by a team of scientists from the Computation Centre of the Polish Academy of Sciences, which included [Marek Greniewski, Wladyslaw Turski,] Mrs. Jadwiga Empacher, Miss Jadwiga Zdanowska and Mr. Ryszard Solich."

NB - the identically-named articles from 1962 and 63 are similar but quite different. Both should be read.
NBB - when looking for the last page of the ACM Conference paper, it is actually on page 124 in the middle of the last section (Hillegas, starting page 118) - no DOI though

Related languages
EMAL assembly KLIPA   Evolution of
MAD KLIPA   Mild Influence
Manchester Autocode KLIPA   Mild Influence
SAKO KLIPA   Mild Influence

  • Greniewski, M., and Turski, W., (1962) Greniewski, M., and Turski, W., "Beschreibung der Sprache KLIPA" Proceeding of the Dresden Symposium on Automatic Computing Machines 1962
  • M. Greniewski and W. Turski (1962) M. Greniewski and W. Turski "External language KLIPA for digital computer URAL-2" Abstract Extract: About KLIPA
          in (1962) Automatic programming and compilers I
  • Greniewski, Marek and Wladyslaw Turski (1963) Greniewski, Marek and Wladyslaw Turski "The external language KLIPA for the URAL-2 digital computer" bib DOI Extract: Digitalizing Translator of Address Parameters Extract: A program written in KLIPA
          in [ACM] (1963) [ACM] CACM 6(06) (June 1963)
  • Shamrat, M. (1963) Shamrat, M. review of Greniewski and Turanski 1962 Abstract
          in (1963) ACM Computing Reviews 4(06) November-December 1963
  • Turski, W. M. (1970) Turski, W. M. "A model for data structures and its applications" Acta Informatica 1(1) May 1971 pp26-34 Abstract Online copy
          in (1963) ACM Computing Reviews 4(06) November-December 1963
  • Turski, Wladyslaw M. (2003) Turski, Wladyslaw M. "It was fun" Information Processing Letters 88(1-2) October 2003 To honour Professor W.M. Turski's Contribution to Computing Science on the Occasion of his 65th Birthday pp7 - 12 Online copy
          in (1963) ACM Computing Reviews 4(06) November-December 1963
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