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Language peer sets for SHORT CODE:
United States
United States/1950
Designed 1950
1950s languages
First generation
Immediate Post-War
Genus Other US historic
Other US historic
US historic algorithmic systems
Historic algorithmic languages
Other US historic/1950
US historic algorithmic systems/1950
Historic algorithmic languages/1950
Other US historic/United States
US historic algorithmic systems/United States
Historic algorithmic languages/United States

SHORT CODE(ID:2707/sho002)

Assembler for UNIVAC and BINAC 

alternate simple view
Country: United States
Designed 1950
Published: 1952
Genus: Other US historic
Sammet category: Multi-purpose


Also SHORTCODE and (originally) BRIEF CODE.

William F Schmidt, A.B. Tonik, J.R. Logan UNIVAC, operational February 1951, but after an idea by John Mauchly.

First high level programming language

Hopper (1955) type 1 - Interpretive routines - system


Related languages
SHORT CODE A-0   Influence
SHORT CODE Editing Generator   Influence

  • UNIVAC SHORT CODE, Remington Rand Inc, Philadelphi (1952) UNIVAC SHORT CODE, Remington Rand Inc, Philadelphia (Oct. 1952). (unpublished, cited by Sammet 1969).
  • Hopper (1955) Hopper, Grace "Automatic Coding for Digital Computers" pdf Extract: Introduction
          in the High Speed Computer Conference, Louisiana Stat (1955) the High Speed Computer Conference, Louisiana State University, 16 Feb. 1955, Remington Rand, Inc. 1955
  • Bemer (1957) Bemer, R. W. "The Status of Automatic Programming for Scientific Problems" Abstract Extract: Summary Extract: IT, FORTRANSIT, SAP, SOAP, SOHIO
          in [Armour] (1957) "Proceedings of the Fourth Annual Computer Applications Symposium" , Armour Research Foundation, Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, Illinois 1957
  • [Bemer] (1958) [Bemer, RW] [Addendum to the Automatic Programming Systems Chart of 1(4)] June 1958
          in [ACM] (1958) [ACM] CACM 1(06) (June 1958)
  • Bemer (1958) [Bemer, RW] [State of ACM automatic coding library August 1958]
          in [ACM] (1958) [ACM] CACM 1(06) (June 1958)
  • Carr (1959) Carr, John W III; "Computer Programming" volume 2, chapter 2, pp115-121
          in Crabbe et al (1957) E. M. Crabbe, S. Ramo, and D. E. Wooldridge (eds.) "Handbook of Automation, Computation, and Control," John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1959.
  • Bemer, R (1962) Bemer, R "ISO TC97/SC5/WGA(1) Survey of Programming Languages and Processors" December 1962
          in [ACM] (1963) [ACM] CACM 6(03) (Mar 1963)
  • Rosen, Saul (1964) Rosen, Saul "Programming Systems and Languages: a historical Survey" (reprinted in Rosen, Saul (ed) Programming Systems & Languages. McGraw Hill, New York, 1967)
          in [AFIPS JCC 25] (1964) [AFIPS JCC 25] Proceedings of the 1964 Spring Joint Computer Conference SJCC 1964
  • Stock and Stock (1973) Stock, Marylene and Stock, Karl F. "Bibliography of Programming Languages: Books, User Manuals and Articles from PLANKALKUL to PL/I" Verlag Dokumentation, Pullach/Munchen 1973 533 Abstract
          in [AFIPS JCC 25] (1964) [AFIPS JCC 25] Proceedings of the 1964 Spring Joint Computer Conference SJCC 1964
  • Schmitt, William F. (1988) Schmitt, William F. "UNIVAC Short Code" Abstract Extract: Introduction Extract: The Origin of the SHORT CODE Extract: SHORT CODE and von Neumann being later
          in (1988) Annals of the History of Computing 10(1) January, 1988
    • Extract:

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