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Language peer sets for ACT:
United Kingdom
United Kingdom/1966
Designed 1966
1960s languages
Third generation
High Cold War
Genus State transition tables
Experimental and other
State transition tables
State transition tables/1966
State transition tables/United Kingdom
State/flow/United Kingdom
Functional/United Kingdom
Experimental and other
Experimental and other/1966
Experimental and other/uk


Automated Contingency Translator 

alternate simple view
Country: United Kingdom
Designed 1966
Genus: State transition tables
Sammet category: Experimental and other

for Automated Contingency Translator

System for controlling flow from (psychological) experiments which permitted state transition tables to direct program and data flow

Department of Psychology, Reading, 1966
Department of Experimental Psychology, Oxford 1970

Ring based language after the fashion of CORAL

Millenson 1970
"Problem-oriented programming language for time-shared sequential control of on-line experiments in physical and biological sciences"

Warning - the figures to the DECUS paper may shock or cause offense

But please bear in mind that these experiments were undertaken when a behaviourist paradigm was dominant, and therefore represented a norm rather than an exception.

Related languages
CORAL ACT   Influence
ECL-1 ACT   Reaction Mild Influence
PSYCHOL ACT   Influence
Reaction Handler ACT   Mild Influence


  • Millenson, J. (1967) Millenson, J. R. An automated contingency translator ACT I: A computer system for process control of psychological experimentation, Psychonom. Bull., Vol. 1, pp17- 1967
  • Millenson, J. (1967) Millenson, J. R. Maintaining avoidance behavior in the guinea-pig by an automated contingency translator. Alcoholism and Drug Addiction Research Foundation (Toronto) Project No. 168, Substudy, 1967
  • Millenson, J. (1967) Millenson, J. R. Principles of behavioral analysis. (Chap. 6) Macmillan: New York, 1967.
  • Millenson, J. R. (1968) Millenson, J. R. "A general language for on-line control of psychological experimentation", Spring DECUS Proc., 1968 pp. 137-143. Abstract Extract: Introduction Extract: Implementation in situ Extract: Statements Extract: Conclusions
  • Millenson, J. R., and LVE staff. (1969) Millenson, J. R., and LVE staff. "The ACT primer: computer language and hardware interface for controlling psychological experiments", Lehigh Valley Electronics, Fogelsville, Pennsylvania 1969.
  • Millenson, J. R. (1970) Millenson, J. R. "Language and list structure of a compiler for experimental control" Abstract Extract: Introduction Extract: Principles
          in (1970) The Computer Journal 13(4) 1970
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