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Language peer sets for IAL:
Designed 1958
1950s languages
Second generation
Early Cold War
Genus True Algol58s
Numerical Scientific
True Algol58s
Generation of Algol 58/IAL
Algol family
True Algol58s/1958
Generation of Algol 58/IAL/1958
Algol family/1958
True Algol58s/International
Generation of Algol 58/IAL/International
Algol family/International
Numerical Scientific
Numerical Scientific/1958
Numerical Scientific/aa


International Algebraic Language 

alternate simple view
Country: International
Designed 1958
Published: 1958
Genus: True Algol58s
Sammet category: Numerical Scientific

for International Algebraic Language.

Subsequently renamed ALGOL

1.  close to standard mathematical notation and readable with little explanation
2.  use for description of algorithms in publications
3.  machanically translatable into machine programs

Related languages
FORTRAN II IAL   Negative Slight Influence
IT 3 IAL   Positive Strong Influence
MATH-MATIC IAL   Evolution of
Sequentielle Formelübersetzung IAL   Negative Slight Influence
XTRAN IAL   Influence
ZMD Algorithmic IAL   Evolution of
IAL ALGO   Influence
IAL ALGOL   Renaming
IAL BALGOL   Influence
IAL CLIP   Based on
IAL JOVIAL   Influence
IAL MAD   Influence
IAL NELIAC   Influence
IAL TUG Algol   Implementation of
IAL V2   left over from Based on
IAL Wegstein algebraic language   Antipathy to
IAL Z22 compiler   Implementation

  • Bauer, F. (1958) Bauer, F. L., H. Bottenbruch, H. Rutishauser, and K. Samelson, Proposal for a universal language for the description of computing processes
          in Carr, John W. III, ed., (1958) Carr, John W. III, ed., "Computer Programming and Artificial Intelligence" College of Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, 1958
  • Backus, J. W. (1959) Backus, J. W. "The syntax and semantics of the proposed international algebraic language of the Zurich ACM-GAMM conference"
          in Proc. (1959) Proc. Int. Conf. Information Processing, Oldenbourg, München, 1960
  • Carr, John W., III (1959) Carr, John W., III "Recursive subscripting compilers and list-type memories" pp4-6 DOI
          in [ACM] (1959) [ACM] CACM 2(02) February 1959
  • Graham, Robert M. (1959) Graham, Robert M. "On the implementation of the IAL" Abstract DOI Extract: Introduction
          in (1959) SESSION: Automatic programming: compilers
  • Green, Julien (1959) Green, Julien "Possible modification to the international algebraic language" pp6-8 DOI
          in [ACM] (1959) [ACM] CACM 2(02) February 1959
  • Katz, Charles (1959) Katz, Charles "The international algebraic language and the future of programming" Extract: Introduction Extract: ALGOL and CODASYL Extract: Conclusion
          in Proceedings of the 1959 Computer Applications Symp (1959) Proceedings of the 1959 Computer Applications Symposium, Armour Research Foundation, Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, Ill., Oct. 29, 1959
  • Rosen, Saul (1964) Rosen, Saul "Programming Systems and Languages: a historical Survey" (reprinted in Rosen, Saul (ed) Programming Systems & Languages. McGraw Hill, New York, 1967) Extract: IAL, Algol 58 Extract: Algol vs Fortran Extract: The Algol 58-alike languages
          in [AFIPS JCC 25] (1964) [AFIPS JCC 25] Proceedings of the 1964 Spring Joint Computer Conference SJCC 1964
  • Bemer, RW (1969) Bemer, RW "A politico-Social History of Algol" pp 151-238
          in [AFIPS JCC 25] (1964) [AFIPS JCC 25] Proceedings of the 1964 Spring Joint Computer Conference SJCC 1964
  • (1973) Computer Oral History Collection, 1969-1973, 1977 Interviewee: Morton Bernstein Interviewer: Robina Mapstone Date: March 14, 1973 Archives Center, National Museum of American History Extract: IAL, Algol 58, Algol 60
          in [AFIPS JCC 25] (1964) [AFIPS JCC 25] Proceedings of the 1964 Spring Joint Computer Conference SJCC 1964
  • Backus, John (1976) Backus, John "Programming in America in the nineteen fifties - some personal impressions" pp125-135
          in Metropolis, N. (1980) Metropolis, N. et al., (eds.),A History of Computing in the Twentieth Century (Proceedings of the International Conference on the History of Computing, June 10 15, 1976) Academic Press, New York, 1980
  • Bauer (2001) Bauer, Friedrich L. "A computer pioneer's talk: pioneering work in software during the 50s in Central Europe" Extract: Introduction Extract: How did software arise? Extract: Early Work in Munich and Zurich Extract: The Kellerprinzip
          in [History of computing: software issues] (2002) "History of computing: software issues" Hashagen, Ulf; Keil-Slawik, Reinhard; Norberg, Arthur L. eds Proceedings of the international conference on History of computing: software issues 2002, Paderborn, Germany April 05 - 07, 2000 Springer 2002
  • Bauer (2001) Bauer, Friedrich L. "From the Stack Principle to Algol" Extract: Introduction to Zuse's PLankalkul Extract: Influence by Shannon Extract: sequential formula translation Extract: Recursion and the cellar principle Extract: arrival of Algol Extract: Mainz 22 and algol 58 Extract: ICIP, BNF, stack notation Extract: British hostility and absence, ZMD excellence Extract: Paris Conference Extract: The ALCOR Group Extract: Algol 58 and the death of Algol
          in [Computer Pioneers] (2001) Software Pioneers: Contributions to Software Engineering, Bonn, 28-29. 6. 2001 eds Broy, Manfred and Denert, Ernst Springer 2002
  • Galler (2001) Galler and Galler "A Career Interview with Bernie Galler" pp22-33 Extract: MAD
          in (2001) IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, 23(1) January 2001
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