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Language peer sets for AID:
United States
United States/1968
Designed 1968
1960s languages
Third generation
High Cold War
Genus Generation of JOSS I
Generation of JOSS I
JOSS family
Generation of JOSS I/1968
JOSS family/1968
Generation of JOSS I/United States
JOSS family/United States
Conversational/United States


PDP-10 Joss II 

alternate simple view
Country: United States
Designed 1968
Published: 1968
Genus: Generation of JOSS I
Sammet category: On-Line

for Algebraic Interpretive Dialogue.

Version of Joss II for the PDP-10.

Related languages
JOSS II AID   Evolution of
AID FOCAL   Evolution of
AID FORDESK   Influence
AID TUG Algol   Implementation of

  • [DEC] (1968) [DEC] "AID (Algebraic Interpretive Dialogue)", DEC manual, 1968.
  • Albany, A. E. J. (1969) Albany, A. E. J. "FORDESK IV - The Design and Implementation of a FORTRAN IV Interpreter" Abstract Extract: COMPARISONS WITH BASIC AND AID
          in [Proceedings] (1969) Proceedings of the Fourth Australian Computer Conference Adelaide, South Australia, 1969
    • PDP-10 Software list
      Algebraic Interpretive Dialogue, aid, is the DECSYSTEM-10 adaptation of JOSS, a program developed by the RAND Corporation. Commands to AID are entered via the user's terminal as imperative English sentences and can be executed immediately or stored as part of a routine to be executed later.
    • Extract: USENET Posting by Peter Nielson
    • USENET Posting by Peter Nielson
      FOCAL, by the way, was really just a hack on the PDP-8 Editor. The
      same person (Rick Merrill? Rick Miller? Joe Blftzxplk? Something
      like that.) wrote both. The main feature was a dispatch mechanism,
      and the Editor used it to call a text-processing routine appropriate to
      each kbd command. FOCAL used it to call a calculation routine
      appropriate to each executable line. So much product from so little

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