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Language peer sets for SMAC:
United States
United States/1956
Designed 1956
1950s languages
Second generation
Early Cold War
Genus Low-level Autocoders
Low-level Autocoders
US historic algorithmic systems
Low-level Autocoders/1956
US historic algorithmic systems/1956
Low-level Autocoders/United States
Autocoders/United States
US historic algorithmic systems/United States


JOHNNIAC diagnostic compiler 

alternate simple view
Country: United States
Designed 1956
Genus: Low-level Autocoders
Sammet category: Multi-purpose

for SMAll Compiler

Johnniac compiler with high-level diagnostic messages, developed at RAND 1956

  • Sammet, Jean E (1961) Sammet, Jean E "1960 Tower of Babel" diagram on the front of CACM January 1961 Picture: Cover of ACM Communications December 1961
          in [ACM] (1961) [ACM] CACM 4(01) (Jan 1961)
  • Ware, Willis H. (1966) Ware, Willis H. "JOHNNIAC Eulogy" RAND July 1979 Corp. document P-3313, March 1966, pp. 1l-12 Extract: Notable uses of JOHNNIAC
          in [ACM] (1961) [ACM] CACM 4(01) (Jan 1961)
  • Gruenberger, F. J. (1968) Gruenberger, F. J. "The History of the JOHNNIAC" Rand Corp RM-5654-PR Oct 1968 Extract: Johnniac languages
          in [ACM] (1961) [ACM] CACM 4(01) (Jan 1961)
  • Sammet, Jean E., (1972) Sammet, Jean E., "Programming languages: history and future"
          in [ACM] (1972) [ACM] CACM 15(06) (June 1972)
  • Willis Ware, Bill Gunning, Paul Armer, Mort Bernst (1998) Willis Ware, Bill Gunning, Paul Armer, Mort Bernstein "Building Computers in 1953: JOHNNIAC" Public Lecture Computer History Museum September 15, 1998. Extract: JOHNNIAC Interpreters
          in [ACM] (1972) [ACM] CACM 15(06) (June 1972)
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