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Language peer sets for VIP:
United States
United States/1960
Designed 1960
1960s languages
Second generation
Early Cold War
Genus Other DPLs
Business Data Processing
Other DPLs
Data processing
Close mapping
Other DPLs/1960
Data processing/1960
Close mapping/1960
Other DPLs/United States
Data processing/United States
Close mapping/United States
Business Data Processing
Business Data Processing/1960
Business Data Processing/us


Irregular informaiton language 

alternate simple view
Country: United States
Designed 1960
Published: 1962
Genus: Other DPLs
Sammet category: Business Data Processing

for Variable Information Processing

US Navy irregular data processing language, developed for the Missle launch data set

"The primary characteristics of VIP are the ability to handle information from any project without format limitation, the accommodation of new and changing data requirements with minimum additional programming or revamping of files, and the use of mnemonic abbreviations of unlimited length and text (natural language)."

  • Sammet, Jean E (1961) Sammet, Jean E "1960 Tower of Babel" diagram on the front of CACM January 1961 Picture: Cover of ACM Communications December 1961
          in [ACM] (1961) [ACM] CACM 4(01) (Jan 1961)
  • Kosakoff, M., and Buswell, D. L. (1962) Kosakoff, M., and Buswell, D. L. "Variable information processing" Abstract Extract: Context of creation
          in (1962) Information retrieval II
  • Sammet, Jean E., (1972) Sammet, Jean E., "Programming languages: history and future"
          in [ACM] (1972) [ACM] CACM 15(06) (June 1972)
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