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Language peer sets for EDSAC Initial Orders:
United Kingdom↑ United Kingdom/1948↑ Designed 1948 ↑ 1940s languages ↑ First generation↑ Immediate Post-War↑ Genus Initial orders ↑ Excluded from Sammet ↑ Initial orders↑ Assemblers↑ Fixed operation ↑ Initial orders/1948↑ Assemblers/1948↑ Fixed operation/1948↑ Initial orders/United Kingdom↑ Assemblers/United Kingdom↑ Fixed operation/United Kingdom↑ Excluded from Sammet ↑ Excluded from Sammet/1948↑ Excluded from Sammet/uk ↑ ## EDSAC Initial Orders(ID:3411/eds002)## First ever assembler systemalternate simple viewCountry: United Kingdom Designed 1948 Published: 1951 Genus: Initial orders Sammet category: Excluded from Sammet Assembler with abstraction designed by Wheeler for the EDSAC computer. EDSAC was based on EDVAC, and the Intial Orders system was the first Highish-level (ie faintly abstractive) language for a Von Neumann architecure machine. IO was hugely influential in developing the first generalised languages. The "Initial Orders" allowed EDSAC to be programmed symbolically instead of directly using machine code: the "orders" referred to were what would now be referred to as an "instruction set". After the library system was published in Wilkes, Wheeler and Gill the use of higher level instructions became universal, (and indirectly led to greater machine incompatibility!). The system was essentially designed by Wheeler, who create not only the first library system in it, but also the first Jump statement (to make it possible) (and therefore the goto!) Wilkes systematised the orders to the regional assembly, and that led to most modern symbolic assemblers, so in fact the IO was the beginning of two importantant programming traditions. Wilkes, Wheeler and Gill was the first ever programming book. People: Related languages
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Initial Orders
in (1992) Annals of the History of Computing October-December 1992 14(4)
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