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Language peer sets for PRINT:
United States
United States/1953
Designed 1953
1950s languages
First generation
Early Cold War
Genus Low-level Autocoders
Numerical Scientific
Low-level Autocoders
US historic algorithmic systems
Low-level Autocoders/1953
US historic algorithmic systems/1953
Low-level Autocoders/United States
Autocoders/United States
US historic algorithmic systems/United States
Numerical Scientific
Numerical Scientific/1953
Numerical Scientific/us


Scientific calculation system 

alternate simple view
Country: United States
Designed 1953
Genus: Low-level Autocoders
Sammet category: Numerical Scientific

PRINT - printing compiler for IBM 701 developed by Harroff and Fishman at GM Allison research lab, 1954. Part of a pair with READ

"...Don F. Harroff, James J. Fishman, and I wrote a pair of 'compilers' (now called macroprocessors) that turned out to be instrumental in implementing that project in a timely manner. My compiler, simply called READ, accepted specifications on the several data items in a record in decimal or alphabetical form and converted them to an appropriate internal binary form. The compiled program read data from the card reader and recorded them on magnetic tape at the fantastic density of 100 bits per inch! The mountains of input cards for Project X required only about 20 reels of magnetic tape.
Harroff and Fishman's compiler (called PRINT) did the inverse, converting data from binary to decimal or alphabetical form. The compiled program read data from magnetic tape and recorded it on the printer.
Special programs had to be written to perform any given analysis of this 'huge' data base, but needless to say it was very impressive to get an answer to a question in hours versus the days it took to do the same task on tabulating equipment."


Related languages
READ PRINT   Co-development

  • Ryckman (1983) Ryckman George F. "The IBM 701 Computer at the General Motors Research Laboratories" pp210-212 Extract: SPEEDCODE and ACOM at GM Allison
          in [AOHC] (1983) Annals of the History of Computing, 05(2) April-June 1983 IEEE (IBM 701 Issue)
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