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Language peer sets for Pygmalion:
United States
United States/1974
Designed 1974
1970s languages
Fourth generation
High Cold War
Genus Reactive
2-D Graphic Languages
Graphically Spatial
2-D Graphic Languages/1974
Graphically Spatial/1974
Reactive/United States
2-D Graphic Languages/United States
Graphically Spatial/United States


alternate simple view
Country: United States
Designed 1974
Genus: Reactive

Graphical programming system based on Smalltalk

First use of the word ICON

Related languages
Smalltalk Pygmalion   Written using
Pygmalion Eager   Influence

  • David Canfield Smith. (1974) David Canfield Smith. "Pygmalion: A Computer Program to Model and Stimulate Human Thought" 1975 Stanford PhD thesis
  • Smith, David Canfield. (1975) Smith, David Canfield. "PYGMALION: A Creative Programming Environment", ARPA Order no. 2494. Memo AIM-260. STAN-CS-75-499.,
  • D.C. Smith, C. Irby, R. Kimball, W. Verplank, and (1982) D.C. Smith, C. Irby, R. Kimball, W. Verplank, and E. Harslem, "Designing the Star User Interface", Byte 7(4):242-282. Copyright 1982, McGraw-Hill, Inc.
  • David Canfield Smith (1993) David Canfield Smith "Pygmalion: An Executable Eletronic Blackboard", MIT Press, 1993.
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