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Language peer sets for CLAM:
United Kingdom
United Kingdom/1971
Designed 1971
1970s languages
Third generation
High Cold War
Non-numerical Scientific
Non-numerical Scientific/1971
Non-numerical Scientific/uk


alternate simple view
Country: United Kingdom
Designed 1971
Published: 1971
Sammet category: Non-numerical Scientific

Symbolic math, especially General Relativity. Implemented in ATLAS assembly language first, LISP later.

Related languages
ALAM CLAM   Evolution of
Atlas Autocode CLAM   Written using
LISP 1.5 CLAM   Written using


  • (1971) "CLAM Programmer's Manual", Ray d'Inverno & Russell-Clark, King's College London, 1971.
  • Barton, D and J P Fitch (1972) Barton, D and J P Fitch "Applications of algebraic manipulation programs in physics" Rep. Prog. Phys. 35 235-314 1972
  • Barton and Fitch (1972) Barton, D and Fitch, JP "A review of algebraic manipulative programs and their application" Abstract
          in The Computer Journal (1972) The Computer Journal 15(4) 1972
  • d'Inverno, RA and Russell-Clark, RA (1974) d'Inverno, RA and Russell-Clark, RA "CLAM - its function, structure and implementation" Abstract Online copy Abstract Online copy
          in (1974) The Computer Journal 17(3) August 1974
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