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Language peer sets for ALMA:
United States
United States/1970
Designed 1970
1970s languages
Third generation
High Cold War
Genus Sound-Performance
Specialised Languages
Sound-Performance/United States
Sound-related/United States
Phenomenological/United States
Specialised Languages
Specialised Languages/1970
Specialised Languages/us


Music programming language 

alternate simple view
Country: United States
Designed 1970
Genus: Sound-Performance
Sammet category: Specialised Languages

for Alphanumeric Language for Music Analysis

Musical composition language

George Logemann and Murray Gould, Institute for Computer Research in the Humanities (NYU).

The idea was to incorporate more than Western staff notations. They implemented some crude translators, proof-listeners (analgous to proof-reading), etc.

Related languages
Plaine and Easie Code ALMA   Enhancement of

  • Gould, Murray J., and Logemann, George W. (1970) Gould, Murray J., and Logemann, George W. "ALMA: Alphameric Language for Music Analysis." In Musicology and the Computer, ed. Barry S. Brook. New York: City University of New York Press, 1970 pp. 57-90
  • Good, Michael David (1979) Good, Michael David "Scot: A Score Translator for Music 11" BSc thesis 1979 Extract: Historical Background Extract: ALMA Online copy
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