H ? « »

Language peer sets for FLAIR:
United States
United States/1955
Designed 1955
1950s languages
Second generation
Early Cold War
Genus Low-level Autocoders
Excluded from Sammet
Low-level Autocoders
US historic algorithmic systems
Low-level Autocoders/1955
US historic algorithmic systems/1955
Low-level Autocoders/United States
Autocoders/United States
US historic algorithmic systems/United States
Excluded from Sammet
Excluded from Sammet/1955
Excluded from Sammet/us


Autocode for 650 

alternate simple view
Country: United States
Designed 1955
Genus: Low-level Autocoders
Sammet category: Excluded from Sammet

for Full LAnguage for the Instruction of Rockets?

Assembler for IBM 650 developed by Bemer and Bosak at Lockheed Missile Systems Division in Georgia, operational 1955

from Bemer 2001
"In the summer of 1955 I was working at the Missile Systems Division of Lockheed Aircraft Corporation, where I had started their computing section from scratch. We had first a CPC, then 650's. And were looking forward to a 704. In fact, I was the Lockheed MSD representative to the first meeting of SHARE, in 1955 August.

But then a new research division was formed under a Dr. Ernst Krause. He had hired his own computer chief, Dr. Werner Leutert (it may be strange fate that, when I became Director of Systems Programming for UNIVAC some 6-plus years later, I replaced that same Dr. Werner Leutert).
Charlie DeCarlo, then Director of Applied Science, knew of the work that Bob Bosak and I had done on FLAIR for the 650. It seemed to match his needs. So I went to New York to talk."

Bemer 59 has it as ported to the 704 by Convair


Related languages
FLAIR FACS   Implementation
FLAIR PRINT I   Influence

  • Bemer (1957) Bemer, R. W. "The Status of Automatic Programming for Scientific Problems" Abstract Extract: Summary Extract: IT, FORTRANSIT, SAP, SOAP, SOHIO
          in [Armour] (1957) "Proceedings of the Fourth Annual Computer Applications Symposium" , Armour Research Foundation, Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, Illinois 1957
  • Bemer (1958) [Bemer, RW] [State of ACM automatic coding library August 1958]
          in [Armour] (1957) "Proceedings of the Fourth Annual Computer Applications Symposium" , Armour Research Foundation, Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, Illinois 1957
  • Bemer, R W (1958) Bemer, R W "Techniques Department Editor's Notes"
          in [ACM] (1958) [ACM] CACM 1(11) (October 1958)
  • [Bemer] (1959) [Bemer, RW] [State of ACM automatic coding library May 1959] Extract: Obiter Dicta
          in [ACM] (1959) [ACM] CACM 2(05) May 1959
  • Carr (1959) Carr, John W III; "Computer Programming" volume 2, chapter 2, pp115-121
          in Crabbe et al (1957) E. M. Crabbe, S. Ramo, and D. E. Wooldridge (eds.) "Handbook of Automation, Computation, and Control," John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1959.
  • Bemer, R (1962) Bemer, R "ISO TC97/SC5/WGA(1) Survey of Programming Languages and Processors" December 1962
          in [ACM] (1963) [ACM] CACM 6(03) (Mar 1963)
  • Bemer, R. W. (1986) Bemer, R. W. "Programming Aids and Applications: Nearly 650 Memories of the 650" pp68-69 Extract: 650 Usage at Lockheed MSD Extract: PRINT I
          in [AHOC] (1986) Annals of the History of Computing, 08(1) January 1986 (IBM 650 Issue)
    Search in: Google  Google scholar  World Cat  Yahoo  Overture  DBLP  Monash bib  NZ  IEEE  ACM portal  CiteSeer  CSB  ncstrl  jstor  Bookfinder