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Language peer sets for GEM:
United States
United States/1969
Designed 1969
1960s languages
Third generation
High Cold War
Genus 2d shape
Specialised Languages
2d shape
2d Construct-related
2d shape/1969
2d Construct-related/1969
2d shape/United States
2d Construct-related/United States
Image-related/United States
Specialised Languages
Specialised Languages/1969
Specialised Languages/us


alternate simple view
Country: United States
Designed 1969
Genus: 2d shape
Sammet category: Specialised Languages

Three part graphic language system based on a SIMPLE preprocessor set for PL/I

Developed by George at Stanford SLAC, but emphasis shifted when George went to Colorado where they didn't have PL/I for the CDC there.

Related languages
GLAF GEM   Evolution of
SIMPLE GEM   Written using
GEM lc   Subsystem
GEM ld   Subsystem
GEM lg   Subsystem

  • George, James E. (1969) George, James E. "GEMS: A Graphic Experimental Meta-System", Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, GSG 63. Stanford Linear AccGlerator Center, GSG 63 1969
  • George, James E. (1971) George, James E. "GEMS - A Graphical Experimental Meta System", Thesis Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, Stanford, California, SLAC-134. 197l
  • George J .E. (1972) George J .E. "A graphical Meta system" Extract: GEM langauges
          in Nake and Rosenfeld (1972) Nake, F. and Rosenfeld, A. "Graphic Languages" Amsterdam: North-Holland Publishing Company 1972.
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