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Language peer sets for The Oracle:
United States
United States/1960
Designed 1960
1960s languages
Second generation
Early Cold War
Genus Ad hoc query languages
Ad hoc query languages
Erotetic systems
Ad hoc query languages/1960
Interrogatory /1960
Erotetic systems/1960
Ad hoc query languages/United States
Interrogatory /United States
Erotetic systems/United States

The Oracle(ID:8403/)

Early QA system 

alternate simple view
Country: United States
Designed 1960
Genus: Ad hoc query languages
Sammet category: On-Line

Early quesion-answering system by Antony Phillips, 1960 MIT

Famous for its fail message "(THE ORACLE DOES NOT KNOW)".

  • Phillips (1960) Phillips, A.V., "A Question-Answering Routine," Masters Thesis, Mathematics Department, MIT, Cambridge, Mass; 1960.
  • Bobrow (1964) Bobrow, D.G. "Natural Language Input for a Computer Problem Solving System", Report MAC-TR-1, Project MAC, M.I.T., Cambridge, Mass., June 1964 Online copy pdf ps Abstract Extract: Introduction Extract: Phillips QAS
  • Simmons (1964) Simmons, R.F., "Answering English Questions by Computer - A Survey" SDC Report SP-1536 Santa Monica, Calif.; April, 1964
  • Simmons, R. F. (1965) Simmons, R. F. "Answering English questions by computer: a survey" p53-70 Abstract DOI Extract: The Oracle
          in [ACM] (1965) [ACM] CACM 8(01) Jan 1965
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