MCL(ID:8311/)

Robotics language 


for Manufacturing Control Language

Developed by McDonnell Douglas for the U.S. Air Force's ICAM project


Related languages
APT III => MCL   Adaptation of
APT III => MCL   Adaptation of

References:
  • Freitas, Robert A., Jr. and Gilbreath, William P. "Advanced Automation for Space Missions" Proceedings of the 1980 NASA/ASEE Summer Study the University of Santa Clara in Santa Clara, California, from June 23-August 29, 1980 view details Abstract: This document is the final report of a study on the feasability of using machine intelligence, including automation and robotics, in future space missions. The 10-week study was conducted during the summer of 1980 by 18 educators from universities throughout the United States who worked with 15 NASA program engineers. The specific study objectives were to identify and analyze several representative missions that would require extensive applications of machine intelligence, and then to identify technologies that must be developed to accomplish these types of missions.

    This study was sponsored jointly by NASA, through the Office of Aeronautics and Space Technology and the Office of University Affairs, and by the American Society for Engineering Education as part of their continuing program of summer study faculty fellowships. Co-hosts for the study were the NASA Ames Research Center and the University of Santa Clara, where the study was carried out. Project co-directors were James E. Long of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory and Timothy J. Healy of the University of Santa Clara.
    Extract: MCL
    McDonnell Douglas Aircraft Company has recently extended APT to MCL (manufacturing control language) in order to program a Cincinnati Milacron T3 robot to rivet sheet metal. Extract: Robot control languages
    Robot control languages. Numerous machine languages exist for the control of semiautomated machine tools (Lindberg, 1977). These include APT (automatic programming tool) and ICAM (integrated computer aided manufacturing). McDonnell Douglas Aircraft Company has recently extended APT to MCL (manufacturing control language) in order to program a Cincinnati Milacron T3 robot to rivet sheet metal. Higher-level robot control languages, obvious requirements for advanced automated space systems, include VAL (versatile assembly language) for the Puma robot and "HELP" for the Pragmac robot (Donata and Camera, 1980). The problem of extending high-level languages from comparatively simple machine tools to more sophisticated multiaxis integrated robot systems which may be found in future automated space factories must be viewed as a top priority research item.
  • Baumann, E. Model-based vision and the MCL language. IEEE SMC Conference, Atlanta, October, 1981. view details
  • Snyder, Wesley E. "Industrial robots: computer interfacing and control" Prentice Hall Englewood Cliffs 1985 view details
  • Fuller, James "ROBOTICS: Introduction, Programming, and Projects" Prentice-Hall view details